The assumption underlying citation analysis is that the citing authors select their references in a rational manner. The present study, based on a very homogeneous collection of clinical trials from a meta-analysis, provides a partial verification of this idea: citing authors prefer large studies to smaller ones, they also seem to prefer studies representing the minority view of the research issue, perhaps in order to make their presentation more balanced. On the other hand, in this instance the inclusion of a placebo in the study design does not affect citation frequency. Furthermore, the conjecture that heuristic value is a main determinant of citability is not settled.
On the basis of the data selected from a statistical survey (
Nyelvi tiszteletadás a magyarban
), the author establishes that the first-name informal addressing continues to spread in Hungarian, while the third-name formal one is being forced back even in villages. However, there is a difference between the Hungarians of Hungary and the Hungarian minorities of surrounding countries. Among the latter Hungarians, the third-name formal addressing is used more frequently by children and grandchildren when they talk to their parents and grandparents.
Authors:Marjut Anttonen, Anna Keszeg, Timea Párkonyi Soos, Micheline Lebarbier, and Sabine Winker-Piepho
Pasi Hannonen & Bo Lönnqvist & Gábor Barna (eds.): Ethnic minorities and power. Helsinki: Fonda Publishing, 2001, 195 pages Dóra Czégényi-Vilmos Keszeg: Emberek, szövegek, hiedelmek. Tanulmányok [Menschen, Texte, Volksglauben. Studien]. Kolozsvár: Kriza János Néprajzi Társaság 1, 2001, 207 Seiten Vilmos Keszeg: Mezoségi hiedelmek [Volksglauben in der Region Mezôség]. Marosvásárhely: Mentor Kiadó, 1999, 384 Seiten A propos de La Fille Difficile, un conte-type afriçain, 2001, Sous la direction de Veronika Görög-Karady et Christiane Seydou. Paris: CNRS-Éditions, CD-Rom Gerhard Schmied : Lieber Gott, gütigste Frau … Eine empirische Untersuchung von Fürbittbüchern. Passagen und Tendenzen. Studien zur materialen Religions- und Kultursoziologie, hrsg. von Michael N. Ebertz, Bd. 4. Konstanz: Universitäts-Verlag Konstanz, 1998, 137 Seiten
Profiling by law enforcement agencies has become one of the most widely researched and debated questions in legal discussions relating to ethnic and racial discrimination in the criminal justice system. This research report highlights the findings of a recent pilot research project organized by the Hungarian Helsinki Committee that focused on police stop and search practices and their discriminatory effects on Hungary’s largest ethnic minority, the Roma. As part of the research, for the first time in Hungary, broad-spectrum data collection on the ethnic aspects and general efficiency of ID checks has been conducted.
In 2014 there were three elections in Hungary: the election of Members of Parliaments, the election of members of the European Parliament, furthermore, the elections of representatives and mayors of municipalities and of representatives of national minority local self-governments. The Hungarian Parliament passed a new act on electoral procedure in 2013 and we have had a new Criminal Code since 2012. This study examines a new legal institution, the recommendation sheets, which raise many questions, including criminal liability. The main theme of the study is the misuses related to recommendation sheets.
Authors:Sergio Vasquez Ciriaco, Jaime Aron García Espinoza, and Elena Enselmini Garcia Pedro
Renal leiomyosarcoma is a rare entity in the world and its understanding is based on reports and various cases; however, the prognosis is bleak for its malignant potential and an average survival of 18 months.
A 54-year-old woman with a clinical picture of 6 months of pain in the right flank and a tomographic image of a bilateral renal lesion underwent right radical nephrectomy and left conservative surgery. The definitive histopathological study reported right primary renal leiomyosarcoma with left metastasis.
Renal leiomyosarcoma is an entity of low incidence and high mortality; however, our case represents the minority of patients with contralateral kidney metastasis reported in the literature.
After having defined the Greek francophony, a marginal literature of a minority, as well as the place which Théo Crassas occupies
nowadays in that literary production, we could fetch his favorite topic: the erotic affection. Through this topic, the poet
expresses a cosmic, encyclopedic, and mythical sensuality, presenting a simplified and archaic art of syntax. However, the
poet is not satisfied with the ordered insobriety and the madness of the sensations; he enjoys displaying erotic energy, via
the intensity of the verbal flow, emotional efflorescence, rhythmic movement, via the love towards the language.
Through this technique, the reader is made to detect the force of conviction, a luminous force of a majestic “glide”, which
is opposed to the melodies constantly conflicting. Furthermore, discovering this poetry, made up of positive elements, the
reader becomes a witness of the things’ innocence and shares the palpitating emotion of the poetic script. The poet, concerned
about the female beauty and the general perfection, seeks the mystery of the beauty, worried above all to emerge an eruptive,
smooth and controlled poetry, a poetry denying the beautiful verse. Crassas creates a silky strophe, the versification being
short and connected, a luminous speech, a venereal reverberation, granting his poetry with a lyric, rich precipitation of
colors, sounds and images, features which form a special affectivity.
In general, by bringing this great poet out of a completely ignored and very poorly diffused literature, we wish to outline
a minority literature.
Ethnographic inquiry into the folk culture of the Carpathian Basin, with particular reference to developmental trends, has revealed much new information regarding the lives of Hungarians abroad, especially regarding changing living conditions within Hungarian populations now living outside historically redrawn Hungarian state borders. It would be no exaggeration to claim that these Hungarians have, to the present day, lived under extraordinarily diverse circumstances, and that the preservation of folk culture in the minority national environment has been a decisive factor in the maintenance of their national identity. For this culture to survive and grow, however, it is essential that members of the national group learn and use their native Hungarian tongue.The present study concerns itself with the historic genre of the popular play, a cultural phenomenon that has played a special role in this regard and that in some places, both in the recent past, and today, still bears considerable significance in the preservation of minority national identity. Accordingly, this study will not extend to actual folk dramatics, though it will make reference to certain intersections and possible relationships where it seems natural to do so.
Authors:Barbara Braun, Monika Ludwig, Pawel Sleczka, Gerhard Bühringer, and Ludwig Kraus
Background and aims
As only a minority of pathological gamblers (PGr) presents for treatment, further knowledge about help-seeking behavior is required in order to enhance treatment utilization. The present study investigated factors associated with treatment participation in gamblers in Germany. As subclinical pathological gamblers (SPGr, fulfilling one to four DSM-IV-criteria) are target of early intervention due to high risk of transition to pathological gambling, they were subject of special interest.
The study analyzed data from a general population survey (n = 234, SPGr: n = 198, PGr: n = 36) and a treatment study (n = 329, SPGr: n = 22, PGr: n = 307). A two-step weighting procedure was applied to ensure comparability of samples. Investigated factors included socio-demographic variables, gambling behavior, symptoms of pathological gambling and substance use.
In PGr, regular employment and non-German nationality were positively associated with being in treatment while gambling on the Internet and gaming machines and fulfilling more DSM-IV-criteria lowered the odds. In SPGr, treatment attendance was negatively associated with married status and alcohol consumption and positively associated with older age, higher stakes, more fulfilled DSM-IV criteria and regular smoking.
In accordance to expectations more severe gambling problems and higher problem awareness and/or external pressure might facilitate treatment entry. There are groups with lower chances of being in treatment: women, ethnic minorities, and SPGr. We propose target group specific offers, use of Internet-based methods as possible adaptions and/or extensions of treatment offers that could enhance treatment attendance.