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This paper is an attempt to compile a summary of the results of research on the dispersed ethnic group of the Croatian minority in Burgenland. Until now, only a few national and regional descriptions have been made. The need for compiling a summary arises from the frequency of segmented considerations on national culture. However, the integration of Central European culture into the EU requires a holistic approach.

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From the end of the 17th century Máriapócs in eastern Hungary arose as a place of pilgrimage, central to which was a (blood) weeping icon of the Virgin Mary. The place of pilgrimage still enjoys great popularity today and is especially visited by members of the Greek Catholic (Uniate) Church, originally Rusyns. A replica of the religious painting from Máriapócs can be found in the chapel of Siebeneich (Kerns, Obwalden, Switzerland) built in the first half of the 18th century. Since the early 1950s, when the original religious painting, which over time had been relegated to the background, was „rediscovered“, Hungarians living in Switzerland have made the yearly pilgrimage to Siebeneich. As in Máriapócs, where the pilgrimage of the Uniate minority (and respectively the Rusyn minority) raises the consciousness of their own specific religious identity, so does a pilgrimage to Siebeneich satisfy not only the religious needs of the Hungarian-Swiss, but also confirms and reproduces their particular identity as an ethnic minority living in Switzerland. The article shows how a religious painting, a pilgrimage and even the resulting social function is „copied“ and how this „copy“ becomes again an „original“.

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Treating people as equals is one of the main aims of constitutional democracies. Numerous examples prove the adverse effects if a state violates the equality principles relating to ethnic minorities and religious groups. Here is a lesson from Hungary. The Hungarian Constitutional Court (hereinafter: HCC) is not engaged in adjudicating concrete ‘cases and controversies’, but seemingly reviews the constitutionality of laws. The Constitution lays down the fundamental tenets relating to religious groups, churches, ethnic minorities and the principles of equality in general. Thus, the question is how the problems of religions and minorities are reflected in the constitutional case-law.The main theses of this article are following. First, based on historical facts the HCC provides preferential treatment for so-called historical churches. Second, in cases involving Roma the HCC does not consider the historical facts and social reality thus, the discrimination of Roma does not appear in the jurisprudence. Third, the unequal protection of churches and Roma by the state results in advantages being provided where the constitutional reasons of preferential treatment are absent while the state remains inactive where the promotion of the principles of equality would be most necessary.

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Gabriel González Núñez, Reine Meylaerts (eds)

Translation and Public Policy: Interdisciplinary Perspectives and Case Studies

Across Languages and Cultures
Authors: Hui Liu and Liuyin Zhao

References Council of Europe. 1999. Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities: Collected Texts. Gazzola , M

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The assumption underlying citation analysis is that the citing authors select their references in a rational manner. The present study, based on a very homogeneous collection of clinical trials from a meta-analysis, provides a partial verification of this idea: citing authors prefer large studies to smaller ones, they also seem to prefer studies representing the minority view of the research issue, perhaps in order to make their presentation more balanced. On the other hand, in this instance the inclusion of a placebo in the study design does not affect citation frequency. Furthermore, the conjecture that heuristic value is a main determinant of citability is not settled.

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On the basis of the data selected from a statistical survey ( Nyelvi tiszteletadás a magyarban ), the author establishes that the first-name informal addressing continues to spread in Hungarian, while the third-name formal one is being forced back even in villages. However, there is a difference between the Hungarians of Hungary and the Hungarian minorities of surrounding countries. Among the latter Hungarians, the third-name formal addressing is used more frequently by children and grandchildren when they talk to their parents and grandparents.

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Acta Ethnographica Hungarica
Authors: Marjut Anttonen, Anna Keszeg, Timea Párkonyi Soos, Micheline Lebarbier, and Sabine Winker-Piepho

Pasi Hannonen & Bo Lönnqvist & Gábor Barna (eds.): Ethnic minorities and power. Helsinki: Fonda Publishing, 2001, 195 pages Dóra Czégényi-Vilmos Keszeg: Emberek, szövegek, hiedelmek. Tanulmányok [Menschen, Texte, Volksglauben. Studien]. Kolozsvár: Kriza János Néprajzi Társaság 1, 2001, 207 Seiten Vilmos Keszeg: Mezoségi hiedelmek [Volksglauben in der Region Mezôség]. Marosvásárhely: Mentor Kiadó, 1999, 384 Seiten A propos de La Fille Difficile, un conte-type afriçain, 2001, Sous la direction de Veronika Görög-Karady et Christiane Seydou. Paris: CNRS-Éditions, CD-Rom Gerhard Schmied : Lieber Gott, gütigste Frau … Eine empirische Untersuchung von Fürbittbüchern. Passagen und Tendenzen. Studien zur materialen Religions- und Kultursoziologie, hrsg. von Michael N. Ebertz, Bd. 4. Konstanz: Universitäts-Verlag Konstanz, 1998, 137 Seiten

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Police ethnic profiling in Hungary — An empirical research

Ideals of systemicity and axiomatisability between Utopianism and Heuristic assertion

Acta Juridica Hungarica
Authors: András Kádár and András Pap

Profiling by law enforcement agencies has become one of the most widely researched and debated questions in legal discussions relating to ethnic and racial discrimination in the criminal justice system. This research report highlights the findings of a recent pilot research project organized by the Hungarian Helsinki Committee that focused on police stop and search practices and their discriminatory effects on Hungary’s largest ethnic minority, the Roma. As part of the research, for the first time in Hungary, broad-spectrum data collection on the ethnic aspects and general efficiency of ID checks has been conducted.

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In 2014 there were three elections in Hungary: the election of Members of Parliaments, the election of members of the European Parliament, furthermore, the elections of representatives and mayors of municipalities and of representatives of national minority local self-governments. The Hungarian Parliament passed a new act on electoral procedure in 2013 and we have had a new Criminal Code since 2012. This study examines a new legal institution, the recommendation sheets, which raise many questions, including criminal liability. The main theme of the study is the misuses related to recommendation sheets.

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Renal leiomyosarcoma is a rare entity in the world and its understanding is based on reports and various cases; however, the prognosis is bleak for its malignant potential and an average survival of 18 months.

Clinical case

A 54-year-old woman with a clinical picture of 6 months of pain in the right flank and a tomographic image of a bilateral renal lesion underwent right radical nephrectomy and left conservative surgery. The definitive histopathological study reported right primary renal leiomyosarcoma with left metastasis.


Renal leiomyosarcoma is an entity of low incidence and high mortality; however, our case represents the minority of patients with contralateral kidney metastasis reported in the literature.

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