Authors:E.E. Sage, Y.X. Chang, R. Wickneswari, and M.M. Mackeen
photosynthetic capability of plants) ( Woodrow et al., 2017 ). Germinated brown rice (GBR) is a value-added rice product of growing importance as a functional food especially in countries with rice as their staple food. This is significant in both less
Authors:R. Vivekananthan, R. Sudhagar, M. Ravi, T. Ganapathy, K. Thiyagarajan, and R. Rabindran
Anonymous (2000): All India Co-ordinated Rice Pathology Trials. Submitted to Directorate of Rice Research (pp. 21-22).
Alagarsamy, G., Sukumar, S., Jeyarajan, R. and Ramasamy, N. M. (1994): In: Sivaprakasam, K. and
Various rice species, marketed in Austria, were analyzed for their Se, Cr, Ni, Rb, Fe, Co, Cs, Ag and Hg contents by neutron activation analysis. The concentration values found for Se ranged between 0.023 and 0.265 ppm, for Cr 0.540–1.875 ppm, for Ni 0.359–0.965 ppm, for Rb 1.604–6.400 ppm, for Fe 24.3–139.8 ppm, for Co 0.026–0.055 ppm, for Cs 0.016–0.032 ppm, for Ag 0.0006–0.0034 ppm, for Hg 0.003–0.023 ppm. Statistical analysis showed in the majority of cases that there is a significant difference in Se, Cr, Ni, Rb, Fe, Co, Hg contents but not in Cs. Highest values of Se and Fe were found in rice from Belgium /long seed, super patna/, whereas the Cr concentration was the highest in rice from Thailand /siam patna/. Ni was highest in rice from Uncle Ben's, Rb in Kresto from USA.
Authors:F.M. Zhao, Y. Tan, L.Y. Zheng, K. Zhou, G.H. He, Y.H. Ling, L.H. Zhang, and S.Z. Xu
Chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) are powerful tools to combine naturally occurring genetic variants with favorable alleles in the same genetic backgrounds of elite cultivars. An elite CSSL Z322-1-10 was identified from advanced backcrosses between a japonica cultivar Nipponbare and an elite indica restorer Xihui 18 by SSR marker-assisted selection (MAS). The Z322-1-10 line carries five substitution segments distributed on chromosomes 1, 2, 5, 6 and 10 with an average length of 4.80 Mb. Spikilets per panicle, 1000-grain weight, grain length in the Z322-1-10 line are significantly higher than those in Nipponbare. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were identified and mapped for nine agronomic traits in an F3 population derived from the cross between Nipponbare and Z322-1-10 using the restricted maximum likelihood (REML) method in the HPMIXED procedure of SAS. We detected 13 QTLs whose effect ranging from 2.45% to 44.17% in terms of phenotypic variance explained. Of the 13 loci detected, three are major QTL (qGL1, qGW5-1 and qRLW5-1) and they explain 34.68%, 44.17% and 33.05% of the phenotypic variance. The qGL1 locus controls grain length with a typical Mendelian dominance inheritance of 3:1 ratio for long grain to short grain. The already cloned QTL qGW5-1 is linked with a minor QTL for grain width qGW5-2 (13.01%) in the same substitution segment. Similarly, the previously reported qRLW5-1 is also linked with a minor QTL qRLW5-2. Not only the study is important for fine mapping and cloning of the gene qGL1, but also has a great potential for molecular breeding.
Bai, P., Wu, P. X., Zhou, H. P., Xun, F. Q., Xu, X. R. (2000): Study on opportune sowing and transplanting dates of an indica-japonica intersubspecific hybrid rice Xieyou 9308. Acta Agric. Shanghai , 16 , 48