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intended to improve the profitability of German Volkswagen dealers and help them attain or maintain the standards of service prescribed by Volkswagen AG, and hence could, according to this argument, contribute to safeguarding as many dealerships as possible

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European Journal of Mental Health
Authors: Béla Buda, Teodóra Tomcsányi, János Harmatta, Roger Csáky-Pallavicini, and Gábor Paneth

This study provides an overview of how psychotherapy’s Hungarian representatives tried to safeguard and transmit psychotherapeutic training and practice during the time of socialist dictatorship. At first, even some Soviet ideologists had considered psychoanalysis to be compatible with Marxist ideology. However, over the course of a few years, socialist ideology exerted pressure on psychotherapy’s theory, training, and therapeutic practice. This was done initially on an ideological level, but later it increasingly resorted to physical violence as well, both there and through its export to a Hungary occupied by the Soviet army. All this was similar to its stand against the arts and literature. The first thing to appear as a result of this was a denial of the necessity of psychotherapy (stating that psychotherapy was only needed because of ‘capitalist market conditions’, with even the teaching of psychology being nearly stopped); later anyone could face serious repercussions for belonging to any school of psychotherapy, especially the analytic. It was also a part of the arsenal of those in power to put crucial centres of therapy decisively under the leadership of appropriately aligned neurophysiologists for long periods of time. The state kept these under strict control, and healing was reduced to medication procedures. The authors provide examples of the modest internal and external opportunities that nevertheless arose for prominent representatives of psychotherapy to solve these dilemmas. With the weakening of the dictatorship, the war on psychotherapy also subsided in a relative and inconsistent way. At this point, events in the politics of science were characterised by the degree of loyalty to the Soviet association, who were visibly abusing psychiatry, and the fight to preserve the relative independence of this field of science. The final part of the study touches upon one or two dilemmas of the heroic age of starting over that surfaced at the time of the political system’s change.

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Kiadó, 2001). I should note that the destruction of legal safeguards brought about by the policies of disenfranchisement and genocide, bathed as they were in anti-Communist rhetoric, opened the way for the Communist policies of expropriation and

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“almost constantly” online due to the popularity of mobile phones ( Lenhart et al., 2015 ). In Part 2, we can read not only about the problematic mobile phone use, but also can learn more about safeguarding the youth’s Internet usage as parents, sexual

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: (1) There is a single oxygen–oxygen (O–O) bonding easy to brake in the BPO molecule. It makes BPO sensitive to shock, heat, and friction, so safeguards should be taken to protect against the possibility of its exposure to ignition

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favored by the state officials in each country, but also by the wider community. This is confirmed by almost all of my interview partners. Since most of the countries of former Yugoslavia accepted the UNESCO Convention for Safeguarding Intangible Cultural

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, S. ( 2000 ): Control Mechanisms and the Relationship Life Cycle: Implications for Safeguarding Specific Investments and Developing Commitment . Journal of Marketing Research , 37 : 227 – 245

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42 °C with strict anaerobic conditions. Anaerobic conditions were safeguarded with gas-generating bags (Oxoid Gas Generating Kit, Anaerobic system BR0038B; Oxoid Ltd., UK) and anaerobic jars (Oxoid Ltd., UK). Determination and identification of the

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species. Such, for example, is the case with the dragonfly, the protection of which contradicts human fear of this species. Consequently, providing information is complementary to measures and activities implemented by the park in order to safeguard

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with safeguards appropriate to the level of aggregation employed. Essentially, this is because some of the factors discussed above tend to average out over large groups of researchers. At the level of individual journals, however, there may be clear and

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