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( Burns & Marks, 2013 ; Gavriel-Fried, 2018 ; Laudet & White, 2008 ). There exist little data on gender-related similarities and differences in RC in general and none for GD. One quantitative study did not find a relationship between RC and

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Skyler Sklenarik, Marc N. Potenza, Mateusz Gola, Ariel Kor, Shane W. Kraus, and Robert S. Astur

extent to which frequent or problematic pornography use may exhibit clinically relevant similarities with or differences from other addictive behaviors. The use of experimental designs may help illuminate clinical features or behavioral tendencies

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; Monaghan, 2009 ). It is a modified form of gambling that provides rapid feedback and easy access to a number of betting options ( Gainsbury et al., 2015 ; Monaghan, 2009 ). Given the similarities in clinical symptoms between excessive use of both Internet

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Journal of Psychedelic Studies
Authors: Eduardo Ekman Schenberg, Maria Angélica de Castro Comis, João Felipe Morel Alexandre, Luís Fernando Tófoli, Bruno Daniel Rasmussen Chaves, and Dartiu Xavier da Silveira

, the excerpts above indicate that the narratives of ibogaine’s experiences frequently have similarities to dream reports. Thus, the suggestion that the subjective experience induced by ibogaine has oneirogen or oneiric properties, i

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possibly mirrors the transition between healthy and addicted Internet use. Including a group of problematic Internet users might contribute to clarifying whether there are similarities between problematic and addicted Internet users or whether problematic

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Index of Factor Similarity . Methodology , 2 ( 2 ), 57 – 64 . DOI 10.1027/1614-1881.2.2.57 . Luyckx , K. , Soenens , B. , Vansteenkiste , M. , Groossens , L. , & Berzonsky , M. D. ( 2007 ). Parental psychological control and dimension of

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Abstract

According to an influential theory in cultural evolution, within-group similarity of culture is explained by a human ‘conformist-bias’, which is a hypothesized evolved predisposition to preferentially follow a member of the majority when acquiring ideas and behaviours. However, this notion has little support from social psychological research. In fact, a major theory in social psychology (Latané and Wolf (1981) argues for what is in effect a ‘nonconformist-bias’: by analogy to standard psychophysics they predict minority sources of influence to have relatively greater impact than majority sources. Here we present a new mathematical model and an experiment on social influence, both specifically designed to test these competing predictions. The results are in line with nonconformism. Finally, we discuss within-group similarity and suggest that it is not a general phenomenon but must be studied trait by trait.

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Kutatásunkban a szülői bánásmód párválasztásra gyakorolt hatását vizsgáltuk. A Young-féle sémafókuszú elméletre alapozva a frusztrálódott fejlődési alapszükségletek oldaláról közelítettük meg a kérdést, így a pár tagjainak maladaptív sématartományai közötti specifikus illeszkedéseket kerestünk. Emellett összehasonlítottuk az ellentétes nemű szülő felől észlelt bánásmódot a partnertől tapasztalt bánásmóddal. Feltételezve, hogy az egyén, választásaiban a séma-kémia elvét követve, hajlamos olyan partnert választani, aki meglévő sémáit megerősíti, valószínűsítettük, hogy ezek jelentős hasonlóságot mutatnak.Vizsgálatunkban a Young-féle Séma Kérdőívet, a Young-féle Szülői Gondoskodás Kérdőívet, a Pár Kérdőívet és demográfiai kérdőívet használtuk, amelyet 35 pár, azaz 70 fő töltött ki.Eredményeink a maladaptív sématartományok jelentős illeszkedését nem erősítették meg, ugyanakkor figyelemre méltó együttjárásokat mutattak a szülő és a választott partner bánásmódja között. Férfiak esetében az anyai bánásmód hatása egyértelmű hasonlósági választásokban nyilvánulhat meg, míg nőknél az apa viszonyulása hasonlósági és komplementer választásokat egyaránt eredményezhet.

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Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle
Authors: Tamás Bereczkei, Petra Gyuris, Panna Köves, and László Bernáth

role of facial similarity in judgements of attractiveness. Current Psychology, 18 , 104-118. Computer graphic studies of the role of facial similarity in judgements of attractiveness. Current

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The primary visual cortex (V1) of the mammalian brain is equipped with a specifically connected network of neurons that can potentially solve difficult image processing tasks. These neurons are selectively tuned for locations in visual space and also for line orientation. The coupling of location and orientation tuning results in the neural representation of the visual world in terms of local features. These local features, e.g., oriented line segments, will have to be linked together in order to parse the visual world into regions corresponding to object and ground. Although standard models of V1 do not address the issue of interacting neuronal populations, we suggest that the long-range connectivity pattern of V1 provides an architecture where spreading neural activity may lead to pertinent figure-ground segmentation. The model relies on the fact that in addition to the processing units, their connections are also selectively tuned for space and orientation. From the computational point of view, the model uses a minimalist approach that applies the fundamental concepts of Gestalt psychology – proximity, similarity and continuity – to the spreading of neuronal activation signals. This model is successful in predicting psychophysical performance of human observers, and provides an account of the computational power of V1.

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