Authors:B. Liu, X. Lv, Z. Tan, Z. Zhang, Q. Shi, L. Yang, J. Xing, L. Sun, and T. Zhang
The molar heat capacity, Cp,m, of a complex of holmium chloride coordinated with L-aspartic acid, Ho(Asp)Cl2·6H2O, was measured from 80 to 397 K with an automated adiabatic calorimeter. The thermodynamic functions HT-H298.15 and ST-S298.15 were derived from 80 to 395 K with temperature interval of 5 K. The thermal stability of the complex was investigated by
differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and thermogravimetric (TG) technique, and the mechanism of thermal decomposing of
the complex was determined based on the structure and the thermal analysis experiment.
The extraction behavior of octahedral and tetrahedral cobalt(II) complexes from aqueous nitrate medium was studied in the
system 8-hydroxyquinoline (HOX) and dibenzo-18-crown-6 (Db 18C6) or dibenzylamine (DBA) in chloroform at different temperatures
to evaluate the thermodynamic functions as well as the equilibrium constants of each reaction. The stoichiometry of the extracted
organic phase species were established to be Co(OX)2·Db18C6 for the octahedral cobalt and Co(OX)2·DBA for the tetrahedral cobalt.
The results of recent developments on modelling of supramolecular ordering and physicochemical properties of molecular mixtures
have been reviewed. The main attention is paid to the unified approach based on a generalized quasichemical model for a set
of thermodynamic, dielectric and optical properties of mixtures, self-organized by specific bonding. Interrelations between
thermodynamic, as well as dielectric, and optical properties of liquid mixtures, reflecting different molecular parameters,
and the characteristics of quasichemical processes are presented. Applications for thermodynamic functions of mixing, permittivity,
coefficients Rayleigh light scattering in molecular mixtures are considered. Data on thermodynamics of aggregation in mixtures
have been obtained.
Enthalpies of dissolution of benzo-15-crown-5 ether (B15C5) in mixtures of acetonitrile with water and in solutions of NaI and NaBPh4 (I=0.05 mol dm−3) in these mixtures were measured at 298.15 K. From the obtained results and appropriate literature data, the thermodynamic functions of B15C5/Na+ complex formation in acetonitrile-water mixtures were determined. The enthalpies of transfer of the complex B15C5/Na+ from pure acetonitrile to the examined mixtures were calculated and are discussed.
The temperature dependence of the molar heat capacities of the tellurites PbTeO3, Pb2Te3O8 and Ge(TeO3)2 are determined. By statistical manipulation of the values obtained, the parameters in the equations for the corresponding compounds showing this dependence are determined using the least-squares method. These equations and the standard molar entropies are used to determine the thermodynamic functions Δ0TSm0, ΔTTHm0 and (Φm0+Δ0THm0/T) for T′=298.15 K.
The extraction coefficients for the actinyl ions extracted with tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) from 2.0M CH3 COOH, CH2 ClCOOH and CCl3 COOH in various temperatures have been measured. Distinct discontinuities of the lnD vs. 1/T plots were interpreted as a proof for the extraction mechanism changes. Results obtained were used to calculate the thermodynamic functions of the actinyl complexation in the aqueous phase and of the partition process. It is proposed that the inner-sphere complex formation increases in the order acetates < chloroacetates < trichloroacetates.
Authors:V. Drebushchak, Yulia Kovalevskaya, I. Paukov, and N. Surkov
Synthetic enstatite MgSiO3 was crystallized from a melt, quenched into water, and then annealed at 873 K. The product is the monoclinic polymorph with
the unit cell parameters of a=0.9619(7), b=0.8832(3), c=0.5177(4) nm, β=108.27(5)°. Heat capacity was measured from 6 to 305 K using an adiabatic vacuum calorimeter. Thermodynamic
functions for clinoenstatite differ by about 5% from those predicted after a thermodynamic model in the literature, but are
very close to those measured for orthorhombic enstatite.
Authors:Yang Yan-Zhao, Tian Sheng-Jun, Sun Si-Xiu, and Feng Sheng-Yu
The liquid-liquid extraction behavior of octyldodecylsulfoxide (ODoSO) towards uranium(VI), contained in nitric acid aqueous solution, has been investigated. It was found that the extraction increased with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 2.0 mol/l and then decreased. Extraction also increases with increasing extractant concentration. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2.2ODoSO. The influences of temperature, sodium nitrate and oxalate concentrations on the extraction were also investigated and the thermodynamic functions of the extraction reaction were obtained.
Authors:Yang Yan-Zhao, Sun Si-Xiu, and Feng Sheng-Yu
The liquid-liquid extraction behavior of 2-ethylhexyltolylsulfoxide (EHTSO) towards uranium(VI) contained in nitric acid aqueous solution has been investigated. It was found that the extraction increases with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 5.0 mol/l and then decreases. Extraction also increases with increasing extractant concentration. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2.2EHTSO. The influences of temperature, NH4NO3 and Na2C2O4 concentrations on the extraction equilibrium were also investigated and the thermodynamic functions of the extraction reaction were obtained.
Phase diagrams of urea-α-naphthol and urea-benzoic acid systems, determined by the thaw-melt method, show the formation of
simple eutectic in each case. The growth velocity data, determined at different undercooling (ΔT) by observing the rate of
movement of interface in a capillary, obey the Hillig-Turnbull equation, v=u(ΔT)n, where u and n are constants depending on the nature of the materials. Using enthalpy of fusion, undercooling (ΔT) and melting
point data, entropy of fusion, interfacial energy, enthalpy of mixing, critical radius size and excess thermodynamic functions
were calculated. The microstructural investigations give characteristic features of the eutectics.