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Abstract  

The fate and transport of toxic metal ions and radionuclides in the environment is generally controlled by sorption reactions. The removal of 60Co(II) from wastewaters by MnO2 was studied as a function of various environmental parameters such as shaking time, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, and humic substances under ambient conditions. The results indicated that the sorption of 60Co(II) on MnO2 was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. At low pH, the sorption of 60Co(II) was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation and ion exchange with Na+/H+ on MnO2 surfaces, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The presence of HA/FA enhances 60Co(II) sorption at low pH values, whereas reduces 60Co(II) sorption at high pH values. The Langmuir and Freundlich models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms of 60Co(II) at three different temperatures of 298.15, 318.15 and 338.15 K. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔS 0 and ΔG 0) calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms indicated that the sorption process of 60Co(II) on MnO2 was endothermic and spontaneous.

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Abstract  

The sorption of 60Co(II) on γ-Al2O3 was conducted under various conditions, i.e., contact time, adsorbent content, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, humic acid (HA), and temperature. Results of sorption data analysis indicated that the sorption of 60Co(II) on γ-Al2O3 was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. At low pH the sorption was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation or ion exchange, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The presence of different cation ions influenced 60Co(II) sorption, while the presence of different anion ions had no obvious influences on 60Co(II) sorption. The presence of HA decreased the sorption of 60Co(II) on γ-Al2O3. The sorption isotherms were simulated well with the Langmuir model. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔS 0 and ΔG 0) calculated from the temperature-dependent sorption isotherms indicated that the sorption of 60Co(II) on γ-Al2O3 was an endothermic and spontaneous process. Experimental results indicated that the low cost material was a suitable material in the preconcentration of 60Co(II) from large volumes of aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

In this article, a series of batch experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of various environmental factors such as contact time, solid content, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, temperature and coexisting humic acid on the sorption behavior radionuclide 60Co(II) on illite. The results indicated that the sorption of Co(II) was strongly dependent on pH, ionic strength and temperature. At low pH, the sorption was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation and ion exchange on illite surfaces, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms at three different temperatures of 303.15, 323.15 and 343.15 K. The thermodynamic data (∆G 0, ∆S 0, ∆H 0) were calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms and the results suggested that the sorption process of Co(II) on illite was an endothermic and spontaneous process. The sorption test revealed that the illite can be as a cost-effective adsorbent suitable for pre-concentration of Co(II) from large volumes of aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

In this study, the removal of radionuclide 60Co(II) from wastewater by Ca-rectorite was studied as a function of various environmental parameters such as contact time, pH, ionic strength, coexisting electrolyte ions, humic substances (HS) and temperature under ambient conditions. The results indicated that the sorption of Co(II) on Ca-rectorite was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. The Langmuir and Freundlich models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms of Co(II) at three different temperatures of 298.15, 318.15 and 338.15 K. The thermodynamic parameters (
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and
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) calculated from the temperature-dependent sorption isotherms indicated that the sorption process of Co(II) on Ca-rectorite was spontaneous and endothermic. At low pH, the sorption of Co(II) was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation and ion exchange with Ca+/H+ on Ca-rectorite surfaces, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. From the experimental results, it is possible to conclude that Ca-rectorite has good potentialities for cost-effective disposal of radiocobalt bearing wastewaters.
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Abstract  

Carbonate hydroxylapatite (CHAP), prepared from eggshell waste, was used to remove 60Co(II) from aqueous solutions. The sorption of 60Co(II) on CHAP as a function of contact time, pH, ionic strength and foreign ions in the absence and presence of humic acid and fulvic acid under ambient conditions was studied. The sorption of 60Co(II) on CHAP was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔS 0, ΔG 0) of 60Co(II) sorption on CHAP were calculated from the temperature-dependent sorption isotherms, and the results indicated that the sorption process of 60Co(II) on CHAP was endothermic and spontaneous. At low pH, the sorption of 60Co(II) was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation and ion exchange with Na+/H+ on CHAP surfaces, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. Experimental results also indicated that CHAP was a suitable low-cost adsorbent for pre-concentration and solidification of 60Co(II) from large volumes of aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

A novel γ-MnO2 hollow structure has been synthesized using a simple chemical reaction between MnSO4 and KMnO4 in aqueous solution without using any templates, surfactants, catalysts, calcination and hydrothermal processes. As an example of potential applications, γ-MnO2 hollow structure was used as adsorbent in radionuclide 60Co(II) treatment, and showed an excellent ability. The effect of pH, contact time, ionic strength, humic acid (HA)/fulvic acid (FA), and temperature was investigated using batch techniques. The results indicated that the sorption of 60Co(II) on γ-MnO2 was obviously dependent on pH values but independent of ionic strength. The presence of HA/FA enhanced the sorption of 60Co(II) on γ-MnO2 at low pH, whereas reduced 60Co(II) sorption on γ-MnO2 at high pH. The kinetic sorption of 60Co(II) on γ-MnO2 can be well fitted by the pseudo-second-order rate equation. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔS 0, ΔG 0) were also calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms, and the results suggested that the sorption of 60Co(II) on γ-MnO2 was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The sorption of 60Co(II) on γ-MnO2 was attributed to surface complexation rather than ion exchange.

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Abstract  

A novel adsorbent, TiO2/eggshell composite, was synthesized by sol–gel method, and characterized by XRD and FTIR. The removal of 60Co(II) from aqueous solution by TiO2/eggshell was studied as a function of contact time, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, humic substances and temperature. The results indicated that the sorption of 60Co(II) on TiO2/eggshell was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. The Langmuir, Freundlich and D-R models were applied to simulate the sorption of 60Co(II) at temperatures of 303.15, 323.15 and 343.15 K. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔS 0, ΔG 0) calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms indicated that the sorption process of 60Co(II) on TiO2/eggshell was endothermic and spontaneous. At low pH, the sorption of 60Co(II) was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation or ion exchange, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. TiO2/eggshell composites have good potentialities for cost-effective disposal of 60Co(II) bearing wastewaters.

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Abstract  

Adsorption behaviour of the individual tracer ions:134Cs(I),85,89Sr(II),131,133Ba (II),90Y(III),141Ce(III),152,154Eu(III),95Zr(IV),175,181Hf(IV),95Nb(V),60Co(II),115Cd(II),99mTc(VII), and131I(-I) on charcoal impregnated with stannic chloride from Hcl solutions, was investigated. Batch equilibrium distribution coefficients of the respective ions indicated strong anion exchange properties towards impregnated charcoal. The column breakthrough sorption capacity was of the order of 0.62–0.66 meq·g–1 of dry adsorbent. Small chromatographic columns of impregnated charcoal could achieve rapid and quantitative separation procedures in HCl medium. Strongly adsorbed anions such as TcO 4 and I ions could be eluted with NH4SCN and NH4NO2 eluents, respectively.

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