Authors:Lutz Bornmann, Hanna Herich, Hanna Joos, and Hans-Dieter Daniel
conducted a contentanalysis of these comments to determine differences in the aspects and issues that the reviewers focus on in their reviews.
Manuscript review at ACP
ACP was launched in September
Authors:Chiara Franzoni, Christopher Simpkins, Baoli Li, and Ashwin Ram
We present an application of a clustering technique to a large original dataset of SCI publications which is capable at disentangling
the different research lines followed by a scientist, their duration over time and the intensity of effort devoted to each
of them. Information is obtained by means of software-assisted content analysis, based on the co-occurrence of words in the
full abstract and title of a set of SCI publications authored by 650 American star-physicists across 17 years. We estimated
that scientists in our dataset over the time span contributed on average to 16 different research lines lasting on average
3.5 years and published nearly 5 publications in each single line of research. The technique is potentially useful for scholars
studying science and the research community, as well as for research agencies, to evaluate if the scientist is new to the
topic and for librarians, to collect timely biographic information.
Authors:Lutz Bornmann, Christophe Weymuth, and Hans-Dieter Daniel
Using the data of a comprehensive evaluation study on the peer review process of Angewandte Chemie International Edition (AC-IE), we examined in this study the way in which referees’ comments differ on manuscripts rejected at AC-IE and later
published in either a low-impact journal (Tetrahedron Letters, n = 54) or a high-impact journal (Journal of the American Chemical Society, n = 42). For this purpose, a content analysis was performed of comments which led to the rejection of the manuscripts at AC-IE.
For the content analysis, a classification scheme with thematic areas developed by Bornmann et al. (<cite>2008</cite>) was used. As the results of the analysis demonstrate, a large number of negative comments from referees in the areas “Relevance
of contribution” and “Design/Conception” are clear signs that a manuscript rejected at AC-IE will not be published later in
a high-impact journal. The number of negative statements in the areas “Writing/Presentation,” “Discussion of results,” “Method/Statistics,”
and “Reference to the literature and documentation,” on the other hand, had no statistically significant influence on the
probability that a rejected manuscript would later be published in a low- or high-impact journal. The results of this study
have various implications for authors, journal editors and referees.
By means of bibliometrics and content analysis, both quantitative and qualitative, based upon JETRO Technology Bulletin data-base, the authors reveal some properties of overseas monitoring for industrial technology and technology policy by Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), specifically, identify the shift of focus in regional and technical field dimensions, depict the different modes of representative technical areas, and trace the relation between technology monitoring and government policy action.
Authors:Liwen Vaughan, Yijun Gao, and Margaret Kipp
Motivations for the creation of hyperlinks to business sites were analyzed through a content analysis approach. Links to 280
North American IT companies (71 Canadian companies and 209 U.S. companies) were searched through Yahoo!. Then a random sample
of 808 links was taken from the links retrieved. The content as well as the context of each link was manually examined to
determine why the link was created. The country location and the type of the site where the link came from were also identified.
The study found that most links were created for business purposes confirming findings from early quantitative studies that
links contain useful business information. Links to competitors were extremely rare but competitors were often co-linked,
suggesting that co-link analysis is the direction to pursue for information on competitive intelligence.
In this study we carried out a content analysis of Web pages containing the search term "S&T indicators", which were located by an extensive search of the Web. Our results clearly show that the Web is a valuable information source on this topic. Major national and international institutions and organizations publish the full text of their reports on the Web, or allow free downloading of these reports in non-html formats. In addition to direct information, a number of pages listing and linking to major reports, programs and organizations were also located.
Authors:C. Macias-Chapula, G. Sotolongo-Aguilar, B. Magde, and J. Solorio-Lagunas
The purpose of this paper is to present the preliminary results of a research in progress regarding the subject content analysis
of AIDS literature, as produced in or about the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. An AIDSLINE/OVID literature search
was conducted to obtain only the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)-geographic-terms related to the LAC region. The period of
study was from 1982 to June, 1998.
Indicators regarding the distribution of records throughout the years of study, as well as the subject, check tags, and subject/subheadings
distribution patterns were analysed. This was done through the application of a modular bibliometric information system, as
well as the applications of Biblio-Link for Windows, Version 1.2 1994–1997, Research Information Systems; Pro-Cite for Windows,
Version 4.0.1 1995–1998, Research Information Systems; and Microsoft EXCEL 97, of 1985–1998, Microsoft Corporation.
A total of 4124 records were obtained and analysed. In descending order, Brazil, Mexico, Haiti, Argentina and Puerto Rico,
generated the highest number of citations. Highly ranked MeSH subject headings wereRisk Factors; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Sex Behavior, Support, Non U.S. Govt.; HIV Infections; andDeveloping Countries.
Results demonstrate that major research concerns centred on the epidemiological aspects and transmission of AIDS; and more
recently, on the prevention and control of the disease. A swith of the studies from male to female, and from middle age to
adolescence was also observed. The authors provide further lines of research.
This study quantitatively reviews the empirical studies of negative political advertising. A method of the combination of citation analysis and content analysis is used. The citation analysis examines each cited work in 20 selected studies with respect to its citation information; and the content analysis investigates these 20 selected studies (citing sources) in terms of their hypotheses, research questions, and methodologies. The aggregated information from the individual cited works and the citing works show that scholars from communication and other disciplines have strong influence on the development of the empirical studies on negative political ads, but communication scholars remain as the driving force. Facing continuously increased literatures in the area, communication scholars need to develop a theory or theories to guide the research. The direction of the research has been moving toward focusing on the boarder and more general effects of negative political ads.
(Donath et al 1999 ; Welser et al 2007 ; Xiong and Donath, 1999 ) and begins the work of mapping the emerging field of Science of Science and Innovation Policy (SciSIP) research by combining traditional bibliometric methods with contentanalysis of a
Universality through standardization is at the heart of scientific and medical practices. In this study we dealt with the
meaning, significance, and implications of standardization through “operationalization” in psychiatric diagnostic criteria
by focusing on the effects of the DSM (Diagnostic Statistical Manual) III. What does “operational” mean?* The discussion
of “operationalization” in psychiatric diagnosis poses quite a challenge. Given the importance of semantics and the word networks
of everyday life in forming descriptions of symptoms and reaching clinical judgments, cultural differences in these semantics
inevitably have strong impacts on psychiatric diagnosis. The link between sensitivity and semantics in words enhances this
effect. In spite of the difficulties in approaching operationalization in psychiatric diagnosis, several attempts have been
made to standardize diagnostic criteria. Prominent examples include the DSM of the American Psychiatric Association and the
ICD (International Disease Classification) of the WHO. In this paper we analyzed the effects of standardized diagnostic criteria
by performing a content analysis of papers published in the Archives of General Psychiatry from 1978 to 1990. Our results
clearly show changes in the research questions, research designs, methodologies, target diseases, and selections of independent
and dependent variables.