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. Berlin Studies of the Ancient World 33 . Berlin . Van Dyke , M. Ruth 2008 Memory, Place, and the Memorialization of

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The 64 lines of the new Hypereides speech exhibit the argumentation and the legal position of a guardianship case ( dikē epitropēs ). Its central legal topic is the leasing ( misthōsis ) of an orphan’s estate. The archon was obliged to assemble a court sitting ( dikastērion ) upon the guardian’s application, and the estate (the oikos ) was auctioned to the highest bidder, who could also be the guardian himself. In the study I show that the auction had the character of a diadikasia , the highest bid meant the greatest estimation of the value of the oikos by the bidders. Concerning the prosecution ( phasis ) of an orphan’s estate I demonstrate that the prosecuter’s aim is not the punishment of the guardian, rather he wishes to lease the oikos himself. Thus he initiates the procedure of the misthōsis described above.

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undiscussed similarity arises when we look at the graves’ natural settings. In 1827 the Drava River breached the dyke system that recently had been created at several points causing its largest flooding in the 19 th century. 37 The river inundated its entire

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With the regulation of the rivers vast areas along the Tisza River were drained. As a result of this process flood plain farming gave way to the cultivation of field crops. However, the traditional forms of farming survived on the river flats between the dikes and the river and in the early 20th century vines and fruit trees were planted on the higher areas here outside many settlements along the Tisza River. The cultivation of vines in a manner adapted to the ecology and natural conditions of the river flats in Szentes resulted in the production of table grapes in quantities exceeding the subsistence level, for sale on the market. The article attempts primarily to explore the natural conditions determining this special form of cultivation. The most important natural factor is the periodical inundation during floods which fundamentally influences the course of grape production. The author examines how people farming in these areas are able to adapt to the harsh natural conditions, how they organise the cultivation and whether this ecological adaptation can be regarded as successful and viable.

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