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Introduction The lichen family Teloschistaceae is characterised by the presence of pari- etin as a major secondary product which imparts yellowish orange colour to the thallus and apothecia, polarilocular ascospores and Teloschistes-type of ascus
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Members of the family Closteroviridae have been traditionally defined as plant viruses with thread-like particles having messenger-sense single-stranded RNA, the largest genomes among RNA plant viruses. Individual virus species are distributed worldwide and some of them cause devastating crop losses. The natural host range usually narrow. Diseases symptoms are yellowing type or pitting and/or groowing of the woody cylinder. Infection systemic, but usually limited to the floem. Natural vectors are aphids, whiteflies, pseudococcids, coccids and mealybugs. Transmission is semipersistant. Closteroviruses contains 9-13 ORFs flanked by 5'- and 3'- untranslated regions with different length. The genome strategy is based on polyprotein precessing, +1 ribosomal frameshift and formation of subgenomic RNAs. Common features of closteroviruses that encode a homologue of HSP70 molecular chaperones found in all cells (HSP70h) and a duplicate (CPd) of the coat protein gene.
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, Westberg et al. 2007, Yakovchenko et al. 2016, 2017). However, since 2007 (Westberg et al. 2007), all genera hitherto known for Candelariaceae were not included in the phylogenetic analysis. The family Candelariaceae Hakul. (type genus Candelaria A