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Abstract  

A national plan, designed to establish and support training and development of human resources for strengthening science and technology activities in Brazil was initiated almost three decades ago. This plan, named PNPG, can be viewed today as a successful program in terms of the quality of its general output. During this period research activity has been institutionalized and a few thousand active groups in several universities and research centers have been consolidated. Numerous technological advances in many areas have been achieved and continue throughout the country. A most impressive result of this effort was the acceleration and improvement of a more productive and internationally competitive agriculture, metallurgical engineering including metal-mechanic industry and paper-cellulose complex exploitation. These results also stimulated better performance of related areas such as agribusiness. The existence of an effective system based on a group of multi-funding agencies was an essential additional factor.

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Scientometrics
Authors: Renato X. Coutinho, Eliziane S. Dávila, Wendel M. dos Santos, João B. T. Rocha, Diogo O. G. Souza, Vanderlei Folmer, and Robson L. Puntel

-Lima et al. ( 2008 ) government investments were critical to the development of scientific research in Brazil. Currently, scientific research in the country is intrinsically linked to post-graduate programs strictu sensu located in universities. As

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Abstract  

This paper analyzes the early research performance of PhD graduates in labor economics, addressing the following questions: Are there major productivity differences between graduates from American and European institutions? If so, how relevant is the quality of the training received (i.e. ranking of institution and supervisor) and the research environment in the subsequent job placement institution? The population under study consists of labor economics PhD graduates who received their degree in the years 2000–2005 in Europe or the USA. Research productivity is evaluated alternatively as the number of publications or the quality-adjusted number of publications of an individual. When restricting the analysis to the number of publications, results suggest a higher productivity by graduates from European universities than from USA universities, but this difference vanishes when accounting for the quality of the publication. The results also indicate that graduates placed at American institutions, in particular top ones, are likely to publish more quality-adjusted articles than their European counterparts. This may be because, when hired, they already have several good acceptances or because of more focused research efforts and clearer career incentives.

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this, it is obvious to relate the increase in the supply of graduate programs with positive increases in demand. The second part of this article looks deeper into the supply/demand structure for Masters Programs in the Spanish public university system

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Scientometrics
Authors: Clarice Gameiro da Fonseca Pachi, Jorge Futoshi Yamamoto, Anna Paula Amadeu da Costa, and Luis Fernandez Lopez

-profit organizations, governmental institutions, etc In 2008, there were 46,137 students in graduate programs, including professional masters degree programs, in the institutions connected to ANSP, representing 89% of all

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graduate programs (Centro de Gestão e Estudos Estratégicos 2010 ). If we compare these three aspects, with the number of published papers (Web of Science 2010 ), we will see which of them can best explain the growth in the number of publications and test

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Library and Information Science Research has been published since 2006 Eight institutions offer LIS graduate programs in Taiwan during the period, and most of their master and doctoral theses have been indexed by the

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Scientometrics
Authors: Thomas Hugh Feeley, Katherine Hart LaVail, and George A. Barnett

-tier programs should be the gold standard in rating graduate programs in the field. In summary, methods to rank graduate programs can typically be sorted into two categories (see Stephen, 2008 ): (1) reputational or subjective appraisals (see also Edwards

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graduate programs, is pushing the whole Brazilian scientific community to a publishing routine. This evaluation, carried out every 3 years, forces researchers and their PhD students, and so the graduate courses they are affiliated, to some quantitative

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Scientometrics
Authors: Mauro Vitor Mendlowicz, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho, Jerson Laks, Leonardo Franklin Fontenelle, Alexandre Martins Valença, William Berger, Ivan Figueira, and Gláucia Azambuja de Aguiar

of scientific publications in general, thanks, in no small degree, to a successful expansion of graduate programs and the establishment of a rigorous quality evaluation system by the Coordination for the Enhancement of Higher Education Personnel

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