analysis of persistence to an emerging economy which has experienced remarkable technological catch-up and industrial development. We examine data on firms in the Taiwanese ‘informationtechnology’ (IT) industry, covering the years 1990–2001, in an attempt
Database management technology has played a vital role in the advancements of the informationtechnology field. It has matured after extensive research and development efforts and has very successfully created a
The database management technology has played a vital role in the advancements of the informationtechnology field. It has been matured after extensive research and development efforts and very successfully created
Two previous webometrics studies found a relationship between the number of inlinks to a commercial site and the company's
business performance measures. Thus inlink counts to commercial sites could be a potential source of business information.
However, those studies examined top ranking information technology companies in the U.S. and China. Whether the above-mentioned
relationship holds for all companies regardless of ranking and in other countries is unknown. The study reported in this paper
investigated this question. The study includes all information technology companies in the U.S. and Canada and gathered both
business performance data and website data for these companies. It found significant correlation between business performance
measures and inlinks to the company websites. The correlation was still significant even after the size of the company and
the website age were accounted for. The conclusion is robust to the search engine used for data collection. Data collection
issues for webometrics research were also explored.
Electronic publishing developments and new information technology in general will affect the main functions of scientific communication. Most changes however will be primarily technological but not conceptual. Publication via journals of high reputation is in most fields of science crucial to receive professional recognition. That will remain so in the ihelectronic erale. A much more revolutionary change in science will be the increasing availability and sharing of research data.
Advances in information technology have increased actual and potential uses of patent statistics as proxy measures of innovative activities. Analytical contributions have come out of economics, bibliometrics, and descriptive comparisons for policy purposes. They show achievement of promise in analysing (1) international patterns of innovative activities and their effects on trade and production; (2) patterns of innovative activities amongst firms, and their effects on firm performance and industrial structure; (3) rates and directions of innovative activities in different technical fields and industrial sectors; (4) links between science and technology.However, systematic biases remain in patent statistics, the full assessment of which require further econometric, classificatory and survey research.
Authors:B. M. Gupta, Avinash Kshitij, and Charu Verma
birth to a new industry broadly labeled as InformationTechnology (IT). IT has been defined by the InformationTechnology Association of America (ITAA) as being the study, design, development, implementation support and/or management of any computer
Seismology has several features that suggest it is a highly internationalized field: the subject matter is global, the tools
used to analyse seismic waves are dependent upon information technologies, and governments are interested in funding cooperative
research. We explore whether an emerging field like seismology has a more internationalised structure than the older, related
field of geophysics. Using aggregated journal-journal citations, we first show that, within the citing environment, seismology
emerged from within geophysics as its own field in the 1990s. The bibliographic analysis, however, does not show that seismology
is more internationalised than geophysics: in 2000, seismology had a lower percentage of all articles co-authored on an international
basis. Nevertheless, social network analysis shows that the core group of cooperating countries within seismology is proportionately
larger and more distributed than that within geophysics. While the latter exhibits an established network with a hierarchy,
the formation of a field in terms of new partnership relations is ongoing in seismology.