, and bioscience have identified delayed recognition papers or conjuring ‘SleepingBeauty’ from the fairy tale that go unnoticed (‘sleeps’) for a long time, and then, almost suddenly, attract a lot of attention (‘awakening’). The search for the classic
A 'Sleeping Beauty in Science' is a publication that goes unnoticed ('sleeps') for a long time and then, almost suddenly, attracts a lot of attention ('is awakened by a prince'). We here report the -to our knowledge- first extensive measurement of the occurrence of Sleeping Beauties in the science literature. We derived from the measurements an 'awakening' probability function and identified the 'most extreme Sleeping Beauty so far'.
Which signals are important in gaining attention in science? For a group of 1,371 scientific articles published in 17 demography
journals in the years 1990-1992 we track their influence and discern which signals are important in receiving citations. Three
types of signals are examined: the author's reputation (as producer of the idea), the journal (as the broker of the idea),
and the state of uncitedness (as an indication of the assessment by the scientific community of an idea). The empirical analysis
points out that, first, the reputation of journals plays an overriding role in gaining attention in science. Second, in contrast
to common wisdom, the state of uncitedness does not affect the future probability of being cited. And third, the reputation
of a journal may help to get late recognition (so-called sleeping beauties) as well as generate 'flash-in-the-pans': immediately
noted articles but apparently not very influential in the long run.
related to citation (MacRoberts and MacRoberts 1989 ), delay effect (Egghe and Rousseau 2000a ; Yu et al. 2006 ), sleepingbeauty or other endogenous effects (van Raan 2004 ; Simkin and Roychowdhury 2007 ) or uncited papers or highly cited papers
‘late bloomer’ or what in bibliometrics is called a ‘sleepingbeauty’. The concept of sleepingbeauties was introduced by Van Raan ( 2004 ) and it describes a publication that suddenly awakens and draws attention. The increased citing of Benjamin
recognize the true value of a work. Also, this assessment may change over time and be influenced by future recognition. This change is exemplified in the idea of a “sleepingbeauty” (van Raan 2004 ), where there is a delayed realization by the research
Authors:Elizabeth S. Vieira and José A. N. F. Gomes
van Raan ( 2004 ) calls sleepingbeauties (papers that do not get citations in the immediate future, but only several years after publication) will weight down average indicators but do not affect h type indices like this one. The new h nf index