Authors:Antoci Diana, Mislitchi Valentina, and Diacon Maria
neo-behaviourist (Hull & Tolman, 1930) position aims at the fact that aggression implies the intention to harm or damage others, and the cognitivist position emphasizes the idea that a behaviour is considered as aggressive only if it is at the same
, learning to break the ice, communicating and interacting adequately even when the child is shy, anxious, aggressive, impertinent etc.; setting limits, motivating the child, finding out what activities they want to do together, supporting the child
The Hungarian and Polish observations show how the use of the public law is limited in illiberal constitutional states. This paper claims that certain non-legal reasons for effective successful transformation to an illiberal state, such as the emergence of populist rhetoric and morality; the clear lack of political self-restraint and the inability or unwillingness of the people to form a strong and capable civil society or to raise their voice against extreme views or resist an aggressive and clearly unfounded political campaign, have been pre-determined and influenced by the historical and socio-psychological particularities of the nations in question. If this is indeed the case, this may offer another, though obviously non-conclusive, explanation as to why public law measures and mechanisms have failed to preserve liberal democracy.
The paper concludes that overturning illiberal constitutionalism by either political or constitutional and legal means, at the present time, seems doubtful, if not impossible. The historically and psychologically determined national and constitutional identities of Hungary and Poland are not apt to nurture liberal constitutionalism in the long term.
Bushman , B. J. , Baumeister , R. F. and Phillips , C. M. , ‘Do People Aggress to Improve Their Mood? Catharsis Beliefs, Affect Regulation Opportunity, and Aggressive Responding’ ( 2001 ) 81 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 17 - 32
Authors:Karolina Eszter Kovacs and Beata Erika Nagy
, lack of physical activity, regular sexuality (without protection), promiscuity, and aggressive behavior (fighting, bullying, and committing a crime; Steinberg, 2008 ). These risky types of behaviors are frequent in adolescence because children at this
, 2018 ). This was accompanied by aggressive immigration checks on minority ethnic youth at London Underground stations ( Webber, 2019 ), clearly racially identified as “suspect populations.” The aim of the operation was to tell undocumented migrants
‘s invasion in Ethiopia and the increasingly aggressive policy of Germany. 12
The Court proposed in the Convention for the Creation of the International Criminal Court in fact had a semi-international character. Only a State Party could trigger the
Attempts from the 17th century onward anticipate the 20th-century mood of legal mapping. They classify legal arrangements by languages, races and genetic roots, then by their ideologies and technicalities. Later on they do so by separating the Western from the Soviet/socialist law, by their correspondence to underlying general cultures, as well as according to legal families. It is the insufficiency of resorting to dichotomy contrasting the Western “Us” to any differing Eastern “Others” that has recently resulted in typologising in terms of the dynamism and directions of legal development in the duality of professionalism and traditionalism or in the cross-reference of what is established/stable and unestablished/instable, and of what is drawn from Western and non-Western sources. Material taxonomy cannot be accomplished in law through genuine class-concepts. Characterisation through concepts of order can be achieved at most. In want of any meta-system, cultures formed to idealise and hypostasise ideas of order by independent principles can provide no common basis of division for law. Accordingly, only some division to major and minor sets and subsets can be achieved. The own arrangement will be better cognised by other schemes’ understanding. The gradual transcendence of rule-fetishism by identifying law with some specific culture may prevent the coming “clash of civilizations” from reaching aggressive self-assertion and care for the sustainability of the laws’ diversity.