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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Authors: F. J. Lona-Ramírez, R. Herrera-Muñoz, V. Rico-Ramírez, F. Louvier Hernández, G. Luna-Bárcenas, and G. González-Alatorre

more than 15 species of laboratory animals, including primates, were susceptible to its carcinogenic action [ 5 ]. It has been observed that the carcinogenesis mechanism for nitrosamines and nitrosamides is different [ 6 ]. Nitrosamines require

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Authors: Frederico A. D. Araújo, Sonia V. Pereira, Deivson C. S. Sales, A. R. Schuler, and Cesar A. M. Abreu

Introduction Biodiesel is produced by transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats, where triglycerides react with an alcohol in the presence of an acid or base, producing a mixture of fatty acids, alkyl esters and

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Authors: M. R. Granados-Uribe, F. J. Lona-Ramírez, C. Pérez-Pérez, J. Barajas-Fernández, V. Rico Ramírez, and G. González-Alatorre

that more than 15 species of laboratory animals, including some primates, were susceptible to its carcinogenic action [ 6 ]. Some studies have been carried out to determine their formation mechanism with the aim of blocking the nitrosation in one of the

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then randomly divided into diabetic and age-matched control groups containing 6–8 animals for each experiment. To induce diabetes, animals were anesthetized and STZ was injected via the vena femoralis. Induction of diabetes was confirmed by measuring

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Authors: Ekkachai Kanchanatip, Nurak Grisdanurak, Raumporn Thongruang, and Arthit Neramittagapong

aquatic areas. Paraquat is known as an environmental pollutant both in soil and in surface waters that is toxic to humans and animals. The lethal doses of paraquat are relatively low. Examples of lethal dosages are ca. 35 and 36–54 mg/kg for human beings

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[ 1 ]. It is moderately toxic to humans and highly toxic to plants and animals. Poisoning from chlorpyrifos may affect the central nervous system, the cardiovascular system and the nervous system. It also inhibits acetylcholinestearase enzyme, an

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systemically and produce internal effects. The toxicity of the dye increases with exposure time, temperature and concentration. Carcinogenic, genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects of MG on fish, mammals and other animals have been reported [ 19 – 21

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glycerol via transesterification of vegetable oil or animal fat with methanol or ethanol [ 1 ]. Due to the worldwide use of biodiesel, glycerol production increases rapidly [ 2 , 3 ]. Therefore, it is very important to exploit the added-value chemicals or

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Authors: Cristina Benincá, Patrício Peralta-Zamora, Ronaldo Cardoso Camargo, Célia Regina Granhen Tavares, Everton Fernando Zanoelo, and Luciana Igarashi-Mafra

oxygen solubility in water [ 10 ] are the most important adverse effects on plants and animals attributed to the presence of these pollutants. Traditional technologies for wastewater treatment were proved to be markedly ineffective for the

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Introduction In recent years, nitrate pollution of groundwater and surface water has led to widespread concern in many parts of the world due to the overuse of nitrogenous fertilizers, animal wastes and untreated industrial

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