The Archaeology Museum of the Janus Pannonius Museum in Pécs is standing on the civil main square of the city, next to the mosque of Gazi Kassim, which is outstandingly unique in Europe, among eclectic walls. The architect’s aim was at the reconstruction of the Archaeology Museum that the archaeological givens and the renovations from the middle ages till the 21
century should be presented. The area and the building itself have written the scenario of the exhibition. At the reconstruction of the building the architects also used the possibilities of the ecological techniques.
Bérczi Sz. Symmetry in archaeology (in Hungarian), Tudomány , 1987, 38–41.
Bérczi Sz. Symmetry and techné in the ornamental art of Hungarians, avarians and the Hantis (in Hungarian), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Collegium
A unique archaeological collection can be found at the foot of the Mecsek hills. The Roman-era cemetery there originates from the 4
centuries. Excavations uncovered the first burial structure in the 18
century, and the most important one at the end of the 20
century, but archaeological digs continue to take place at the site. In recognition of the importance of the Roman-era cemetery, UNESCO in 2000 listed the complex of Early Christian buildings as part of World Heritage.
One of Europe’s most beautiful pasha mosques decorates the main square of Pécs. The congregation wanted to build a tower, a bell tower, a campanile. This would have resulted in a rather strange architectural formation if the congregation had been called to mass by the peal of a relatively high campanile standing by the mosque. The mosque was built from the stones of St. Bartholomew’s Church, which was founded in 1301. In the course of the archaeological excavations, the walls of the church’s sanctuary were found below the surface — now they are visible as sitting benches at street level. St. Bartholomew’s martyrdom demanded a sculpture and then came the idea of creating a sculpture composition, a bell sculpture, which rises like a tower while the bell ringing and then sinking to the size of a bell sculpture. This telescopic tower has become a tourist highlight of the city.
Nowadays most of the users needing geodetic accuracy use the Global Positioning System (GPS) with static measurements or with RTK (Real Time Kinematic) measurements. Few seconds are available to measure a detail point, therefore only the RTK method can satisfy the expectations. In this case (called observation space) the users require corrections from a base station. These corrections are available from the user’s own base station or they can be downloaded from the Internet if active permanent network is available in the area. There are many locations where kinematic data is recorded and have to be processed without owned base stations or without active permanent networks. For example, LEO (Low-Earth Orbit) satellite’s GPS receivers, ocean surface monitoring with GPS buoys or archaeological exploration in countries without geodetic base. This paper investigates the possibility of PPP (Precise Point Positioning) method processing kinematic data. It is known that the accuracy of this technique is enough in GIS (Geographic Information System) applications. To increase the accuracy and reach geodetic precision final orbits, clock data from the GPS satellites and receiver’s antenna calibration data are needed besides several additional parameters (called state space). The attainable accuracy will be determined after the examination of the results.