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Ziegler-Natta catalytic systems

Calorimetric and DFT study on TiCl4-Lewis base interactions

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: L. Cavallo, J. Ducéré, Rosalisa Fedele, A. Melchior, Maria Mimmi, G. Morini, F. Piemontesi, and Marilena Tolazzi


A calorimetric investigation on the reactions of TiCl4 with phthalates in 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE) is presented in order to better understand the complex interactions present in Ziegler-Natta catalytic systems. The Lewis bases diethyl isophthalate (L1), diethyl terephthalate (L2) and the ortho-isomer diethylphthalate (L3), have been chosen to study how the substituent positions could influence the energy and the stoichiometry of the complexation reactions. FTIR spectroscopy was used to obtain information on the coordination mode of the ligands and diffusion measurements by NMR was carried out to verify the presence of oligo-or polymeric species. Experimental results were compared with theoretical calculations based on Density Functional Theory (DFT).

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