Authors:Per Ahlgren, Cristian Colliander, and Olle Persson
strong legitimacy by allowing the researchers themselves to influence the design of the indicators and scrutinize the results of their applications. We believe that performance-based research funding, with our without the involvement of bibliometric
mathematically in the different ways we have of obtaining and analyzing data, and our tool kit of quantitative measures continues to grow. Such growth has the advantage that quantitative methods confer a measure of scientific authority and legitimacy to our
sciences. 1 Although it has struggled since the 1970s to be defined as a field and gain legitimacy as a valid academic area of research (Cooper 2003 ), in the 2000s, a number of scholars devoted their attention to entrepreneurship as a core research field
concept of norms is concerned, STI norms are social definitions regarding what is appropriate in achieving STI policy goals. At the national level, such norms define the legitimacy of a state's activities. At the ASEAN level, they define the legitimacy of
Authors:Antonio Fernández-Cano, Manuel Torralbo, and Mónica Vallejo
paves the way to a scientific career and at the same time confers social legitimacy (Ben-David 1991 ). The production of a doctoral thesis brings together the three core functions of a university: tuition through mentoring and supervision, research by
wider values of society, namely by defining research priorities according to the rules of saliency, credibility, and legitimacy.
This paper represents further research from the authors aiming to clarify the sources and influences underlying the
high technology. We believe that this justifies the legitimacy of the approach of analyzing only the giants or big players in technology in many previous papers on high-technology. In particular, USPTO is representative of a large body of the
Authors:Norrin Halilem, Nabil Amara, and Réjean Landry
aim of gaining legitimacy (Milem et al. 2000 ). If, the universities are converging, the contexts of the researchers are also converging, and thus less explanation would be found at the institutional level.
Moreover, the dominant force in
Authors:Md. Dulal Hossain, Junghoon Moon, Hyoung Goo Kang, Sung Chul Lee, and Young Chan Choe
, as a result of NCST creation, university academics could only gain legitimacy and secure funding by aligning themselves with this policy goal. Nevertheless, according to our findings, R&D intensities of Bangladeshi universities and industries were
. No satisfactory reference exists, and claims of mathematically optimal level of cut-off, interesting in the neighborhood of some zoom setting, cannot challenge the legitimacy of picking a completely different scale for observing science. Furthermore