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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Ján Varga, Pavel Staško, Štefan Tóth, Zuzana Pristášová, Zuzana Jonecová, Jarmila Veselá, and Mikuláš Pomfy

Ischaemic/reperfusion (IR) injury of the small intestine may lead to the development of multiple organ failure. Little is known about the morphological changes occurring in the organs during the subacute course of this syndrome. The objective of this study was to observe histopathological features and the role of apoptosis in the jejunal mucosa and lung parenchyma after intestinal IR injury in a long-term experiment. Wistar rats (n = 36) were divided into 4 experimental groups (IR 10 , IR 20 , IR 30 , S). Groups IR 10 , IR 20 and IR 30 (each n = 10) were subjected to 1-hour ischaemia of the cranial mesenteric artery followed by 10, 20 or 30 days of reperfusion, respectively. The control group S (n = 6) was not subjected to ischaemia. The jejunal mucosa remained intact after all periods of reperfusion. Apoptotic cells were found particularly in the lamina propria, with the most significant difference observed in the IR 30 group (P < 0.01). The lung parenchyma had lower regenerative capacity, which was confirmed by a high index of histological damage after 30 days of reperfusion (P < 0.01) and by the presence of an increased number of apoptotic cells, especially in the pulmonary interstitium. The number of apoptotic cells was ten times higher than in the control group (P < 0.001).

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