This paper examines the following basic issues of leadership in research units: (1) characteristics of the leader and the functions performed by him that predict the image of his quality; and (2) the role of leadership in enhancing the performance of the research unit. Analysis is based on data collected on 1460 research units in six countries for the second round of International Comparative Study on Organization and Performance of Research Units. Variations in the characteristics and role of leadership in different institutional settings and countries are analyzed through POSCOR (ranking programme based on partially ordered sets). Stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to examine the common pattern of relationship of various indices of leadership with the image of leader's quality and three measures of effectiveness — scientific, user-oriented and administrative. Analysis was repeated for each country to explore the stability in the pattern of relationships and to identify universal indices that have consistent relationships across countries. Implications of the results are discussed.
References from accounting doctoral course syllabi are used to construct a data base. Some type of syllabus in the areas of financial accounting, research methodology, behavioral accounting, managerial accounting, and information economics and agency theory was obtained from 49 schools. Syllabi references are used to rank accounting departments based on the author's place of employment and institution from which the doctorate was earned.
cluster ( Table 3 ) and more recent papers than the other clusters ( Fig. 2 ). Therefore, SC research on strategic and managerial perspectives deepens knowledge within their specialized research topics. On the other hand, computational researches cite more
Authors:Gohar Feroz Khan, Junghoon Moon, Han Woo Park, Bobby Swar, and Jae Jeung Rho
, managerial issues, human resources, cultural issues, e-readiness, and technological innovation are discussed (e.g. Dos Santos and Reinhard 2007 ; Abdel et al. 2007 ). The forth category named as “combined” represent the category of articles discussing
growth. There are three reasons for choosing the three aspects of patent trait. First, the three patent indicators are well defined; second, the three aspects of patent trait can provide novel managerial implications with respect to the issue of corporate
Authors:Norrin Halilem, Nabil Amara, and Réjean Landry
opportunities for the researcher (Kleinman 1998 ), for example, the introduction of managerial controls, including the setting of targets, appraisals and peer reviews (Barry et al. 2001 ). Institutional management intends to direct academic researchers in the
Authors:Hsin-Ning Su, Carey Ming-Li Chen, and Pei-Chun Lee
ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR