Competitive pressures of the world economy are continuously reshaping the global supply chains of manufacturing firms. At the same time, global competition is altering the nature of output offered by manufacturers, shifting it towards a higher share of service elements. The goal of this paper is to investigate how these two factors are combined, using a sample of manufacturing companies from 13 European countries belonging to the assembly industries of fabricated metal products, machinery and equipment. The results indicate that different business models became dominant in the less developed Eastern European and the developed Western European region. Involving measures of business performance and reasons for plant location, this study also argues that in terms of service offerings and supply chain position, other types of business models can coexist and successfully prevail in the two regions.
Swiss Franc. Approximately USD 100 billion is held in gold. It is the China central bank's large-scale purchases of the latter in recent years that have led to a major increase in the prices of this precious metal. On the other hand, only ca. 2% of the
Review of Financial Analysis , 19 ( 1 ): 55 – 64 . 10.1016/j.irfa.2009.11.001 Singhal , S. – Ghosh , S. ( 2016 ): Returns and Volatility Linkages Between International Crude Oil Price, Metal and Other Stock Indices in India: Evidence from VAR
. Journal of Banking & Finance , 37 ( 8 ): 2665 – 2676 . 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2013.03.020 Reboredo , J. C. – Ugolini , A. ( 2015 ): Downside/Upside Price Spillovers between Precious Metals: A Vine Copula Approach . The North American Journal of
– although China's major export products are electrical machinery and equipment – metals, furniture and various textile products continue to be a substantial item in China's export basket, making the export basket relatively diversified. As far as the share
Authors:Marija Petrović-Ranđelović, Tamara Rađenović, Bojan Krstić, and Vladimir Mićić
inward FDI stock in the WBC is 22%, with the dominant orientation towards chemical and petroleum – 27%, followed by food and beverage – 24%, automotive – 14%, metal – 9%, textiles, printing and paper – 9%, machinery and equipment – 3%, and others – 15
Authors:Bence Kiss-Dobronyi, Dora Fazekas, and Hector Pollitt
as an adjustment factor for the sectoral assumptions. The strongest effects are in forestry, basic metals, personal services, metal products, machinery, but also tourism and sports activities sectors. Demand shocks were calculated using Google
cryptocurrency investor in the region Igor Chayka ( Emerson et al. 2020 : 6; Gulca and Necșuțu 2019 ).
The International Crisis Group ( ICG 2020 : 11) warns that even with its state-dominated labour market and its electricity, metal and food exports