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-Chairez, 2017 ). For example, sexual/gender minorities of color are at risk of experiencing structural stressors such as homophobia or transphobia in their ethnic communities, as well as racism in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and

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predominantly White Western mainstream field of psychedelic medicine recognizes its role in cultural appropriation ( Herzberg & Butler, 2019 ), the perpetuation of systemic inequities, and the limitations of current treatment protocols for ethnic minority

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), under the guidance of the FDA. This site was the only one focused on the recruitment of ethnoracial minority participants meeting criteria for PTSD. The site protocol emphasized culturally sensitive and respectful treatment approaches for people of

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Minority Psychology , 12 ( 2 ), 367 – 375 . . 10.1037/1099-9809.12.2.367 Baumgartner , C. , Bilevicius , E. , Khazaal , Y. , Achab , S. , Schaaf , S. , Wenger , A. , ( 2019 ). Efficacy of a web

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. D. Clark A. Maass 1990 The effects of majority size on minority influence European Journal of Social Psychology

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Background and aims

To date, a number of studies have investigated the prevalence and correlates of addictive food consumption. However, these studies have mostly relied on models that comprised a narrow range of variables in often small and heterogenous samples. The purpose of the present study was to comprehensively examine the measurement aspects, the prevalence, and the psychological correlates of addictive eating among a largescale national sample of Turkish adults.


Participants (N = 24,380, 50% men, M age = 31.79 years, age range = 18–81 years) completed a battery of tests including the Food Addiction Risk Questionnaire (FARQ), the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, and the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised.


According to analyses conducted, the FARQ had a uni-dimensional factor structure. Based on Item Response Theory (IRT) calculated cut-off scores, 2.3% of the participants were at risk of addictive eating patterns, whilst criteria varied in their discriminating ability. The correlates of addictive food consumption were being male, being younger, having lower education, presenting with higher alcohol use, psychiatric symptoms, alexithymia, positive/negative affect, and anxious attachment.


These results suggest that a minority of Turkish community are at risk for addictive food consumption and that adverse psychological states promote this problematic behavior.

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association for lifetime use were men ( P < 0.0001), ethnic minority ( P < 0.0001), 26 years or older ( P < 0.0001), bisexual ( P < 0.0001), reported increased education ( P < 0.0001), reported higher income ( P < 0.0001), reported health status other

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the minority ? Evaluation& The Health Professions , 34 , 3 – 56 . Targhetta , R. , Nalpas , B. & Perney , P. ( 2013 ). Argentine tango: Anotherm behavioral addiction

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, 33 – 40 . Sussman , S. , Lisha , N. & Griffiths , M. ( 2011 ). Prevalence of the addictions: A problem of the majority or the minority ? Evaluation& the Health Professions

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the prevailing White-dominant medical framework, calling for greater indigenous, female, and ethnic minority inclusion in the field as a whole. The scientific progress and the clinical promise of psychedelic medicine owes much of its success to the

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