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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: B. Morgun, A. Richter, D. Deshmukh, V. Stepanyuk, Katalin Kálai, G. Nagy, L. Hufnagel, and Noémi Lukács

production of recombinant pharmaceutical proteins in plants. Nat. Rev. Genet . 4 , 794-805. The production of recombinant pharmaceutical proteins in plants Nat. Rev. Genet

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Isabel Stephany-Brassesco, Stefan Bereswill, Markus M. Heimesaat, and Matthias F. Melzig

, current market conditions fail to incentivize major pharmaceutical companies towards antimicrobial research and development. Peptidoglycan is comprised of glycan chains of alternating amino sugars ( N -acetylglucosamine and N -acetylmuramic acid

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Markus Krohn, Thomas Wanek, Marie-Claude Menet, Andreas Noack, Xavier Declèves, Oliver Langer, Wolfgang Löscher, and Jens Pahnke

–drug interactions at the blood–brain barrier measured with positron emission tomography . Mol Pharmaceutics . 2015 ; 12 : 3214 – 25 . 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.5b00168 37. Consortium

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A wide variety of pigments, like chlorophyll, carotenoids and phycobiliproteins, which exhibit colours ranging from green, yellow, brown to red are present in algae. Increasing awareness of harmful effects of synthetic dyes and inclination of society towards the usage of natural products, such as plant / microbial based colours in food and cosmetics, has led to the exploitation of microalgae as a source of natural colours. Algal pigments have great commercial value as natural colorants in nutraceutical, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry, besides their health benefits. Spirulina, Dunaliella capsules are now commonly prescribed health foods for improving vitality and longevity of human beings. This review describes the distribution, structure of these pigments in algae, with emphasis on specific techniques for extraction and purification, along with different methods of biomass production and commercially feasible techniques documented in literature. An overview of the industrial applications of these natural colouring agents in diagnostics, food and cosmetics industry is also provided.

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Although Brosimum gaudichaudii occurs in Amazon forest and in Atlantic forest, it is the only species from the genus Brosimum found in cerrado vegetation, with a very common occurrence. This species has been exploited by pharmaceutical industry due to large accumulation of psoralens in its roots. The stems and subterranean systems of seven fertile plants were characterised in this study. At early stage of development the stems are scandent and grow slowly before reaching arboreal size. The subterranean system is composed of a xylopodium and a taproot. The xylopodium continuously produces shoots that are able to turn into trunks. The taproot may grow up to one or two metres deep. There are few lateral roots, but many radicles along the surface of root system. Abundant latex is found in the pith and bark of branches and young stems as well in the bark of the subterranean system. However, it is scarce in the bark of mature trunks. The stem bark is grey, rough and thin, while the bark of the root and xylopodium is orange, corrugated with laminate surface. The xylopodium is a fundamental structure to understand the plant strategies to successfully adapt to the cerrado environment condition.

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). Hypericum species are well-recognized healing agents in folk medicine due to their various pharmaceutical properties. Despite the large number of Hypericum species, only H. perforatum L. has been searched deeply to date and its herbal preparations are

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: W. D. Ratnasooriya, S. A. Deraniyagala, S. D. N. K. Bathige, C. L. Goonasekara, and J. R. A. C. Jayakody

. Screen for binding activity at the D1 and D2 dopamine receptor subtypes. Pharmaceutical Biol. 41, 45-58. Pharmacological survey of medicinal plants for activity at dopamine receptor subtypes. II. Screen for binding activity at

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Pharmacopoeia. 31 st ed. London: Royal Pharmaceutical Society, pp. 1501-1502. The Extra Pharmacopoeia 1501 1502

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. Part I Department of Ayurveda, Colombo, Sri Lanka. 15-18. Anonymous, British National Formulary 2000. The British Medical Association and the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, London

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identification of pharmaceutical wastewaters using biodegradability studies. Water Sci. Technol. 47 , 197–204. Zagorc-Koncan J. Hazard identification of pharmaceutical wastewaters using

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