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conscious consumer and environmentally conscious consumer behaviour. As a next step, based on the results of a 500-person questionnaire survey conducted at the University of Debrecen, conclusions are drawn on the relationship between the perceived and real

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Fitness industry is an important segment of sports economy worldwide. The number of registered members in fitness clubs has shown a slow, but steady increase. The key objective of our research is to look into the fitness sector in terms of both the demand and supply sides, from the aspect of the fitness providers, as well as of fitness consumers using these services. We are aspiring to explore the training session attendance-related habits of consumers in the Hungarian fitness sector and investigate the factors, features influencing the attendance of the specific trainers’ sessions. Our research focuses on fitness trainers and leisure-time sportspeople who attend gym sessions and therefore the sample may only include people who meet these parameters. As our primary research method, we used interviews and questionnaire survey among fitness trainers and consumers. We asked a total of 753 leisure-time sportspeople and 261 trainers. Our research covers the study of training habits of fitness consumers and a personality analysis of fitness trainers. We think our research results support our fundamental hypothesis that the competitiveness of gyms could be improved by gathering informations on the consumers training habits and selecting the proper experts (trainers).

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This paper proposes an approach based on a questionnaire survey with corporate property management executives as well as facility management service providers for evaluating building operation and maintenance performance. The energy consumption in the nation’s real estate stock in EU accounts for about 40% of the total energy consumption in the built environment, with non-residential buildings responsible for approximately half of this. Performance needs to be measured and monitored to support stakeholders’ long-term maintenance and operating cost savings strategies. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the appropriate data mining methodology of performance measurement and to show the use of benchmarking on Hungary’s properties.

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with the management and executives of the SMEs. A questionnaire survey and site observation were performed to practically inspect the current OHS practices among employees. In addition, a questionnaire was shared with the management of the SMEs in order

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On self-explaining roads drivers automatically drive according to the expected behavior and speed. In order to create this type of roads, within a given road category the layout should be homogenous, whereas a remarkable difference should exist between road categories. Using a sample of 500 persons, the paper analyses, which road categories are identified and distinguished by road users.A picture sorting task was completed to find out how road users group 45 different road scenes, and how these groups correspond to the road categories according to current standards.In addition, an analysis of a questionnaire survey was used to determine how individual road scene images are grouped on the basis of chosen speeds, and how this grouping corresponds to road categories. For processing of speed data, cluster analysis was used.The result of both surveys show that road users can clearly distinguish only 4–5 road categories. The paper compares these results with the design guidelines of some countries.

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The safe speeds and also the general speed limits are quite different outside and within built-up areas. If it does not follow from the road design, whether the given scene is within or outside built-up area, drivers are uncertain about their appropriate speed.This paper shows two approaches to assess the degree of uncertainty of the drivers. The first was a questionnaire survey of requested speeds at various road scenes. In the second method, the recognition process of drivers was simulated by image classification software.Output indicators of these methods (standard deviation of speeds and certainty score) can serve as tools to identify road scenes and road elements leading to uncertain and therefore risky situations.

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e-Procurement adoption by architects in the Nigerian building industry was investigated using data derived via a questionnaire survey of 75 architects in consulting and contracting firms, government and clients’ organizations. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlation and content analyses, and the results reveal that most of the organizations employing architects were not using e-Procurement. However, the very few adopters identified used e-mails and websites in communicating, exchanging project information, and sourcing for building services, materials and equipment. The key barriers to the uptake of e-Procurement among architects in the survey were unreliable power supply, low level of awareness among people; and the lack of forum to exchange ideas on e- Procurement use. The paper emphasized the need to address these challenges to ensure a critical mass uptake of e-Procurement by architects in Nigeria.

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In this study the competitiveness of Hungarian enterprises was analyzed, because relatively little research has been conducted to investigate small enterprises. More specifically, the paper examines to what extent the use of online solutions gives companies a competitive advantage. Nearly 800 companies were involved in the research, for which a new methodology was used. It is built on a multi-step model, which is based on mathematical calculations. From the result of a questionnaire survey, variables were generated to create a number of competitiveness pillars, which were used to determine the final competitiveness index of each company. The research was carried out at the Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Pécs. Scientists form the Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs were involved in the online analysis of the companies, the results of which were integrated into the research findings. The analysis shows that the companies, which do not use online solutions during their operations can be competitive but generally those present in the online space are more competitive, and use more sophisticated solutions in their business processes, which has a positive effect on several functions of the company. Overall these companies have a higher competitiveness index, which confirms that it is worth using online solutions for companies.

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to assess the consumer habits of lactose sensitive persons in case of lactose-free products and their other shopping aspects for development of new, dairy-based lactose-free products. The research was based on face-to-face questionnaire survey, and those who declared to be lactose sensitive were analysed. Among them, only half of the women (49.3%) and one third of the men (34.6%) were medically proven lactose sensitive, so more than half of the respondents declared themselves affected on the basis of self-diagnosis. Our results show that reliably regular customers of lactose-free products are women and persons with medical diagnosis, high educational degree, and under the age of 30. The lactose-free consumer group prefers the following product features: lactose-free label; rich in calcium, vitamins, and fibre, and free of carbohydrate, sugar, and gluten. Only two-thirds of lactose sensitive customers (66.7%) consume lactose-free products regularly, so it can be assumed that the level of knowledge of this disease, its treatment, and the importance of lactose-free dairy products among these persons is insufficient. This could be solved with education, advertisement, and other information opportunities.

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. SZUCS , V. , SZABÓ , E. , BÁNÁTI , D. ( 2015 ): Az egészséges táplálkozással kapcsolatos attitudök feltárása kérdoíves felmérés alapján . (Exploration of healthy nutrition attitudes on the basis of a questionnaire survey.) Orvosi

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