Because of the widespread use of citations in evaluation, we tend to think of them primarily as a form of colleague recognition. This interpretation neglects rhetorical factors that shape patterns of citations. After reviewing sociological theories of citation, this paper argues that we should think of citations first as rhetoric and second as reward. Some implications of this view for quantitative modeling of the citation process are drawn.
Authors:Françoise Salager-Meyer, María Ángeles Alcaraz-Ariza, Marianela Luzardo Briceño, and Georges Jabbour
, p. 56) “an integral part of the rhetoric of narration and annotation.” For their part, Cronin ( 1995 ) and Cronin et al. ( 2003 , 2004 ) have reviewed a range of acknowledgment studies in such fields as history, information, psychology, philosophy
to the utterly demagogue rhetoric, featuring false accusations, misleading statements, claims and comparisons, delusional ideas, arrogance and ignorance in the Vanclay-set.
It is presumed in this paper
rhetoric. In fact, citation behavior is very complex, which can be regarded as a culture (Wouters 1999 ). There are many elements that can influence citation behavior so that “an individual is often partly unconscious of, or fails to recognize, his or her
Authors:Thomas Hugh Feeley, Katherine Hart LaVail, and George A. Barnett
% in rhetoric using our content codes. Thus, one studying interpersonal communication, health or small group communication may have fewer options for faculty positions.
The pattern of findings related to normative publishing rates among research