Authors:Dávid Nagy, Tamás Mihálydeák, and László Aszalós
similar, and the objects from different groups are dissimilar. This defines an equivalence relation. The similarity is usually based on the distance of the objects. However, sometimes only categorical data are given where distance is meaningless. For
Authors:A. Torbica, D. Horvat, D. Živančev, M. Belović, G. Šimić, D. Magdić, N. Đukić, and K. Dvojković
The aim of this study was to compare efficiency of RP-HPLC (Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography) and LOC (Lab-on-Chip) methods for wheat gluten protein quantification regarding clustering of wheat cultivars according to the genetic similarity (HMW-GS combinations), as well as to explore relations of these two methods to wheat quality parameters. For that purpose, wheat quality parameters (protein content, falling number, wet gluten content, gluten index, Farinograph, Extensograph, and Amylograph), as well as amounts of gliadin and glutenin fractions by RP-HPLC and LOC methods were determined in two different sets of wheat cultivars (Croatian and Serbian). The percentages of gluten proteins and the values of quality parameters were used to characterize the samples by principal component analysis (PCA). Gluten protein quantification performed by method based on the protein fraction separation by molecular weights (LOC) was better for grouping of genetically similar wheat cultivars than quantification of proteins separated by their different solubility in specified solvent gradient (RP-HPLC). LOC method showed higher potential in wheat quality prediction.
Energy efficiency measures and the enhancement of investments in renewable energy play important role in sustainable development and lead to advancement of competitiveness of national economies. The increase of renewable energy consumption and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions are significant stages of the process to achieve the main purposes of sustainable development at global and national levels.
In this paper the change in the share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption and in the greenhouse gas emissions intensity in Hungary between 2004 and 2011 is investigated.
It is demonstrated that the share of the renewable energy in gross inland energy consumption increased during the examined period. The measure and the tendency of the change in Hungary show similarity to the EU 27 average.
The greenhouse gas emissions intensity of energy consumption decreased in Hungary between 2004 and 2011. According to the data, the decrease is the second largest among the European Member States.
Authors:N. Boros, A. Petrányi, D. Kocsis, and I. Bodnár
The recycling of greywater for non-potable water applications, such as toilet flushing or irrigation, is a potential solution to reduce potable water consumption. To estimate the quality of raw greywater samples, we measured several physical, chemical and biological parameters. We used Hygiene Monitor test kits to determine microbiological presence in the samples. The greywater samples showed a high variability for all the measured parameters. In general, we found that greywater sources had lightly alkaline character with a considerable inorganic and organic content. About half of the analyzed samples can be characterized as highly contaminated water source with organic substance. The average BOD5 and DOC values of greywater samples were 429 ± 410 mg l−1 and 341 ± 348 mg l−1. The samples showed high similarity concerning the total plate counts parameter (range from 5 to 6 log10 cfu ml−1). Among the three greywater sources, the samples from dish sources showed the lowest coliform content (3.9 log10 cfu ml−1) and the bath samples were contaminated with coliforms to the highest degree (4.9 log10 cfu ml−1). The results of E. coli contamination tests proved that all greywater sources can be contaminated with pathogen bacteria, consequently the treatment before reuse of greywater is indispensable.
Authors:Attila Vámosi, Levente Czégé, and Imre Kocsis
average acceleration of the vehicles into speed-acceleration bins. The similarity between the SAPD of a candidate driving cycle and the SAPD of the full dataset is another useful indicator of the representativeness. We used the Quality of Fit (QoF) value
Authors:Merzouqi Maria, Sarhrouni El Kebir, and Hammouch Ahmed
] ( Fig. 3 ). Fig.3. Illustration of the relationship between mutual information and entropy (Studholme, 1999) used NMI, Eq. (4) , to measure similarity. This measure proved its reliability on the 3D medical images. It is defined as follows: (4) N M I = H
Authors:Ekhlas H. Karam, Noor S. Abdul-Jaleel, and Basma J. Salah
cloning probability, which refers to the similarity of two implicated flowers. (iv) The switching between local and global pollination can be controlled by interaction probability P n ∈ [0, 1]. To formulate the algorithm update procedure, the assumptions
Authors:Sommai Khantong, Mohammad Nazir Ahmad Sharif, and Ahmad Kamil Mahmood
sharing. By using the ontology, syntax and semantics are defined to describe the information explicitly. As discussed in [ 30 ], compared to other information modeling methodologies, the use of ontology has some similarities but also some distinct
In this study, the traffic flow of morning peak hour is analyzed in residential areas using dynamic traffic assignment method. A comprehensive analysis of the traffic assignment was performed in six different network topologies. The main goals were to compare different road networks and to identify significant similarities and differences of these patterns. By comparing results, a highly detailed picture of the differences crystallized between travel time, velocity and ratio of used routes.