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, protein synthesis, and other metabolic process will be initiated. After a certain period, the embryo will emerge from the seed, signed with the appearance of radicle or hypocotyl in the surface of the seed. The sprout of the seed will emerge because of the

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The paper discusses a possibility to grow seeds on solutions of microelements and application of sprouts enriched in such a way as an alternative to commercial dietary supplements. It contains a short review of the approaches reported till now and a systematic experimental study, carried on the most frequently used seeds (Lens culinaris, Helianthus annuus, Vigna radiata, Glycine max, and Lepidium sativum).Seven metals (Fe, Cu, Zn, Ni, Co, Cd, and Mn) were studied. Seeds were grown on cellulose in 20°C temperature using deionized water enriched with metals in concentrations: 100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25, and 3.125 mg/L in a period of 4 days. The reference samples were the seeds grown on pure deionized water. Sprouts were mineralized by microwave radiation, and the metal content was quantified by ion chromatography with on-line post-column derivatization and spectrophotometric detection.The conclusions can be treated as general recommendations, which seeds should be grown and what concentrations of metals in solutions should be applied to provide good enrichment and to avoid risk of microelement overdose.

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Red amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) are pseudocereals with particularly highly regarded nutritional value. Because of the high biological significance of the flavonoids and phenolic acids in these plants, qualitative and quantitative analysis has been performed by HPLC. Extracts from the seeds of two amaranth varieties (A. cruentus v. Rawa and v. Aztek) and quinoa seeds, and their sprouts grown in natural conditions and in the dark were analyzed. The main phenolic acid found both in seeds and sprouts was gallic acid. p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, and cinnamic acid were also found in the seeds and p-coumaric acid, syringic acid, and ferulic acid in the sprouts. The main flavonoid found in the sprouts was rutin. Vitexin, isovitexin, and morin were also detected in the sprouts, and orientin, vitexin, isovitexin, morin, and traces of hesperidin and neohesperidin in the seeds. Although sprouting conditions (daylight or darkness) had no effect on gallic acid content, light caused an increase in the amount of rutin and darkness resulted in increased amounts of isovitexin and vitexin.

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By probing Doppler broadened line-shapes of prompt γ -ray at 478 keV emitted from moving 7*Li produced via the 10B(n, γ)7*Li reaction, matrix materials containing and/or surrounding boron species were non-destructively characterized for several growing stages of soybean. It was elucidated that boron is in the form close to each other for both the dry seeds for planting and the dry seeds harvested, while it was revealed that boron exists in an aqueous solution for the two stages of growing, swelling seeds with a bourgeon and a greenish sprout. This work is the first biological application of Doppler broadening of neutron induced prompt γ -rays.

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in leafy vegetable, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts validation of method”, FMC Report No. 17-00-15, 2001. Toxicity-PAN Pesticides Database, Pesticides Action Network North America, San Francisco, CA, 2006

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. ; Park , J. ; Assayed , M. E. ; Jeong , Y. ; Park , Y. ; Shim , J. Simple multiresidue extraction method for the determination of fungicides and plant growth regulator in bean sprouts using low temperature partitioning and tandem mass

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phosphorus on chemical composition and yields of brussels sprouts and of molybdenum on sulphur contents of several plant species grown in the greenhouse. Soil Sci. 107 . 114--118. Influence of sulphur, molybdenum and phosphorus on

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