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Development in the New Central Europe (New York-Oxford: Berghahn Books) 19–44. Bochniarz Z. The Environment and Sustainable Development in the New Central

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kérdései (A Theoretical Model of Sustainable Development and Theoretical Issues in Sustainable Settlement Development) PhD dissertation thesis (Pécs: Pécs: Pécs University of Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, PhD School of Geography Sciences, Pécsi

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The once flourishing viticulture and viniculture in the Vasi-Hegyhát ethnological-historical micro-region, located in the western part of Hungary, extending from the Göcsej hills in the Southwestern Transdanubian region, and the edges of the Őrség micro-region to the Kemenesalja micro-region, has deteriorated to merely providing the needs of families. The survival of historical viticulture and viniculture in families, based on self-owned small peasant farms, has become increasingly doubtful since 1990. New generations in villages, succeeding many active wine-making generations, are less keen on wine-making. Lacking motivation and the necessary time and money is an obstacle to the cultivation or development of vineyards on hereditary plots. Vineyards in the Vasi-Hegyhát region are characteristic and inseparable elements of this micro-region and the whole Southwestern Transdanubian area, even if they do not produce quality wines. In Vas, Zala and Somogy counties wine-press houses [pince], consisting of two or three rooms [derék], with walls made of clay, wood, or sometimes stone standing on some tens of hectares of land and their use in their original function are relics of peasant culture in harmony with the landscape. The existing problems and their circumstances deeply affect, one could even say, they reflect the essence of the recent restructuring of local societies in Western Transdanubia. This essay attempts to present the recent situation of peasant viniculture, representing a unique environmental and human value, and its role within communities through the example of the vineyards of two villages, Sótony and Oszkó. The attempts of these small villages — closely linked to vineyards, yet having a different relation to traditions — to find their way help to understand the processes occurring today in rural (civil) societies.

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Ecology. Basic Concepts for Sustainable Development . London — Sterling, VA : Earthscan . Mollison , Bill 1990 Permaculture. A Practical Guide for a Sustainable Future . Washington : Island Press . Sale , Kirkpatrick 1991 Dwellers in the

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] . Gyűrűfű : Manuscript . Kilián , Imre 2006 Ökofalvak: lombikba zárt fenntarthatóság [Eco-Villages. Sustainability in a Test Tube] . In Kiss , Tibor – Somogyvári , Márta (eds) Fenntartható fejlődés a gyakorlatban [Sustainable Development in

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– Auch , Eckhard – Goia , Augustin – Bühler , Josef 2008 A Traditional Cultural Landscape in Transformation. The Quest for Sustainable Development Options in the Apuseni Mountains, Romania . Mountain Research and Development 28 : 18 – 22

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put people’s interests first and strive for comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development.) TT: <11-62>Second, we will continue to put people’s interests first and strive for comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development

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