Authors:Mirjana Gligorić Matić, Biljana Jovanović Gavrilović, and Nenad Stanišić
1 Introduction During the last seven decades, the development debate went a long way – from dealing with economic growth, through being concerned about income distribution and environment, to focussing on human and especially sustainabledevelopment
COM (2003) 745 final/2: 2003 Environment Policy Review. Consolidating the environmental pillar of sustainabledevelopment. Brussels, 2 February 2004.
COM (2004) 22 végleges: Jelentés a belső piaci stratégia végrehajtásáról
The paper portrays environmental performance evaluation as a novel, innovative, applicable method or group of methods, which is not free of difficulties, but ultimately leads to the right direction. Apart from the analytical explanation and evaluation of 11 EPE methods, the article systematises them, via classifying into five clusters, based on their complexity. After that a logical sequence of using the methods is sketched, this is most relevant for practical users. With the empirical research I try to go beyond passive observation to a certain extent (statistical analysis of data - GEMS-HU surveying a representative sample of 370 manufacturing enterprises). The main objective of the presented research is to spread environmental performance evaluation, maybe slightly, but actively. It strives to enhance the application of EPE through a guidebook for practitioners, training sessions, exercises and demonstration projects. This active role might be the main methodological innovation of the current research. Only one of the three demonstration projects brought real success, but I learned more from the mistakes, than from the positive results. In the last two sections, five hypotheses are formulated and verified, scrutinising the existence, implementation and usefulness of environmental performance evaluation.
Authors:Gaowa Wuren, Xiaoming Yang, and Jiangang Xia
Landscape lighting is a symbol of modern urban development and service capabilities, and it is also the important content of urban competitive power. This paper used the descriptive statistics, basic statistical tests and Granger causality test to analyze the historical data and the data from the Shanghai Landscape Lighting Survey. It draws conclusion that Shanghai’s landscape lighting has formed unique and sustainable development mode with governmental, cultural, economic, social and ecological attributes, which is led by the government, and market and society join together in the construction and operation.
The occurrence of Asian Financial Crisis and successive scandals highlight the importance of corporate governance on which the public start to stress. “Pursuing internationalization for sustainable development” has become a trend for corporate development in the future. Nonetheless, the promotion of internationalization enhances multiple operating environments and information complexity. An enterprise therefore has to adjust the existing organizational structure and construct favorable corporate governance mechanisms to timely reflect market demands and have the enterprise acquire the advantage of the economy of scale through overseas extension points. With the approach of globalization era, the extreme dependence of economic activities on import/export hastens Taiwan actively joining in World Trade Organization (WTO) to enhance the circulation of goods and resources among member states. Under such a trend, the industrial structure in Taiwan needs to be adjusted, and industries with competitiveness would present larger development space. Aiming at listed companies in Taiwan Stock Exchange, the research period is set 16 years, from 1999 to 2014. The research results conclude that 1. competition would affect corporate governance, 2. competition would influence corporate performance, and 3. corporate governance would affect corporate performance. The research results are expected to inspire international enterprises with the competition evaluation and corporate governance adjustment to promote the corporate performance.