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Most studies on changes in female behavior and preferences across the menstrual cycle have been conducted in samples comprised of largely white undergraduate students from Western populations. The present study examined cyclical shifts in reactive, preventive and anxious jealousy in a sample of 71 Afro-Caribbean women from Curaçao, a country in the Caribbean. We expected that, because of the risk of conceiving, especially preventive jealousy would be relatively high when fertile to safeguard the male’s protection, provisioning and investment. The results showed that, when fertile, women experienced indeed particularly more preventive jealousy, and also somewhat more anxious jealousy, but not more reactive jealousy, than when non-fertile. In addition, preventive jealousy was higher the later the age of the first menarche. We discuss possible explanations for the functionality of preventive jealousy during the fertile phase of the cycle, and for the functionality of such jealousy among women with a slow life history strategy.

Open access

Ha életünk során olyan helyzetbe kerülünk, hogy kénytelenek vagyunk szembesülni egészségünk elvesztésével, egy krónikus betegség mindennapjainkra gyakorolt irreverzibilis hatásával, az ennek következtében létrejövő változások egyaránt érintik személyiségünk kognitív, emocionális, fiziológiai, szociális és spirituális dimenzióit. A krónikus beteggé válással addigi világképünk megrendül, korábbi kognitív sémáink összeomlanak, és így elveszíthetjük azokat a tájékozódási pontokat, amelyek életünk korábbi szakaszaiban létünk biztonságát jelentették. A betegség ugyanakkor pozitív irányú változásokat is hozhat életünkbe azáltal, hogy lehetőséget ad például egy új életfilozófia és optimistább életszemlélet kialakítására, az élet nagyobb megbecsülésére és a megbocsátás átélésére. Az utóbbi évtizedek egészségpszichológiai és valláspszichológiai vizsgálatai alapján a krónikus beteggé válás traumáját követő, a fentiekben említett konstruktív megoldások szoros összefüggésben vannak életünk vallásos/spirituális dimenziójával. Jelen tanulmányban a szerző szakirodalmi adatok alapján áttekinti a vallás/spiritualitás és az egészség közti kapcsolat lehetséges hatótényezőit, néhány, a krónikus betegségek és a spiritualitás összefüggéseit leíró elméletet, és ezekhez kapcsolódó klinikai vizsgálatokból származó eredményt. Bemutatásra kerülnek továbbá olyan kutatások, amelyek a vallásnak/spiritualitásnak az orvos–beteg kapcsolatra gyakorolt hatását, az abban betöltött szerepét elemzik, és ezzel összefüggésben olyan vizsgálati eszközök, amelyek a páciensek vallási/spirituális elköteleződésének és gyakorlatának megismeréséhez nyújtanak gyakorlati segítséget.

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Risk reduction and harm prevention in technology use. •

A commentary on Swanton et al.'s (2020) ‘Problematic risk-taking involving emerging technologies: A stakeholder framework to minimize harms’

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Author: Daria J. Kuss

in the right direction in safeguarding users and their data. At the same time, it has been suggested to impose a levy on the industry which may be in proportion to their profits to support research and stakeholder engagement, in line with established

Open access

Policy, prevention, and regulation for Internet Gaming Disorder

Commentary on: Policy responses to problematic video game use: A systematic review of current measures and future possibilities (Király et al., 2018)

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Author: Daria J. Kuss

regarding safeguarding the gamers’ mental health and well-being. Previous research has suggested that prevention approaches should be prioritized over treatment approaches once problems as a consequence of excessive Internet and gaming use have been

Open access

“almost constantly” online due to the popularity of mobile phones ( Lenhart et al., 2015 ). In Part 2, we can read not only about the problematic mobile phone use, but also can learn more about safeguarding the youth’s Internet usage as parents, sexual

Open access
European Journal of Mental Health
Authors: Béla Buda, Teodóra Tomcsányi, János Harmatta, Roger Csáky-Pallavicini, and Gábor Paneth

This study provides an overview of how psychotherapy’s Hungarian representatives tried to safeguard and transmit psychotherapeutic training and practice during the time of socialist dictatorship. At first, even some Soviet ideologists had considered psychoanalysis to be compatible with Marxist ideology. However, over the course of a few years, socialist ideology exerted pressure on psychotherapy’s theory, training, and therapeutic practice. This was done initially on an ideological level, but later it increasingly resorted to physical violence as well, both there and through its export to a Hungary occupied by the Soviet army. All this was similar to its stand against the arts and literature. The first thing to appear as a result of this was a denial of the necessity of psychotherapy (stating that psychotherapy was only needed because of ‘capitalist market conditions’, with even the teaching of psychology being nearly stopped); later anyone could face serious repercussions for belonging to any school of psychotherapy, especially the analytic. It was also a part of the arsenal of those in power to put crucial centres of therapy decisively under the leadership of appropriately aligned neurophysiologists for long periods of time. The state kept these under strict control, and healing was reduced to medication procedures. The authors provide examples of the modest internal and external opportunities that nevertheless arose for prominent representatives of psychotherapy to solve these dilemmas. With the weakening of the dictatorship, the war on psychotherapy also subsided in a relative and inconsistent way. At this point, events in the politics of science were characterised by the degree of loyalty to the Soviet association, who were visibly abusing psychiatry, and the fight to preserve the relative independence of this field of science. The final part of the study touches upon one or two dilemmas of the heroic age of starting over that surfaced at the time of the political system’s change.

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steps must be taken to safeguard these individuals. Increasing awareness of this issue within the veteran population, by both clinical staff and veterans themselves, appears warranted at this stage, especially given the high comorbidity rates between

Open access

convincingly be argued to breach Article 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which provision safeguards individuals in analogous situations from discriminatory differences of treatment where there is no objective and reasonable justification for such

Open access

the organization’s motivation to raise awareness of sexual abuse and help to safeguard individuals and groups in ayahuasca healing contexts, the Ayahuasca Community Guide for the Awareness of Sexual Abuse was created. The Guidelines consist of an

Open access

of esports skin betting and skin gambling on games of chance is associated with current gambling problems. This research could be utilised to inform the regulation of appropriate action to safeguard consumers of these products, alongside the

Open access