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Pollack Periodica
Authors: Dávid Nagy, Tamás Mihálydeák, and László Aszalós

similar, and the objects from different groups are dissimilar. This defines an equivalence relation. The similarity is usually based on the distance of the objects. However, sometimes only categorical data are given where distance is meaningless. For

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Scientometrics
Authors: Thomas Gurney, Edwin Horlings, and Peter van den Besselaar

)—where variance in names is substantially lower—reinforce the need for an automated approach to author disambiguation. There is a need for algorithms designed to extract patterns of similarity from different variables, patterns that can set one

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industries require more technologies for individual products (Carree et al. 2000 ). Thus, an automated method is necessary to support experts. In fact, various factors such as patentability, technological similarity, and scope of claims should be

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36 297 312 Venikov V A 1976: Similarity and Modeling Theory (in Russian). University textbook, Moscow

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Introduction In several scientific areas—like ecology, information retrieval, machine learning, psychology and scientometrics—the measurement of similarity between objects plays a role. In scientometrics, examples of considered

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. pp. 78. Cazzanti, L. and R.M. Gupta. 2007. Local similarity discriminant analysis. Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML. Corvallis, Oregon. pp. 137

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science, technology and society. The field of ecology has a long tradition of studies related to diversity. Consequently, there exists an extensive literature on measures of diversity within populations/communities and dissimilarity or similarity

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reliable. However, the analysis of patents on the basis of combined concepts gives rise to three questions for research: How can combined concepts be extracted and built from patents? How can textual similarities between patents be assessed on the basis of

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Mccrae , R.R., Martin , T.A., Hrebícková , M., Urbánek , T., Boomsama , D.I., Willemsen , G. and Cost , Jr. P.T. (2008): Personality trait similarity between spouses in four cultures. Journal of Personality , 75, 1137

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asking researchers to rate the papers they read, and so on. Finally, inter-researcher similarity measures are calculated on these data to identify the scientists sharing most interests with the user of the SLRS. Although mature and appealing in

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