Search Results

You are looking at 91 - 100 of 127 items for

  • Author or Editor: L. Wang x
Clear All Modify Search

In this paper, the wind energy resource in China’s oilfields is analyzed, the difference between China’s energy consumption structure and that of the world in average is analyzed as well, and the application prospect of wind heating technology in China’s oilfields is discussed as an example to reform China’s energy consumption structure. It shows that it is possible to use wind energy as an appropriate heat resource or supplementary heat source in some oilfields to supply heat energy for oil heating and living, more room to improve the energy resource utilization in various fields in China remain. It is a benefit to both oilfield and society to improve energy saving and environments.

Open access

Abstract  

New complexes of the non-natural amino acid (p-iodo-phenylalanine) with divalent cobalt and nickel ions have been synthesized. The composition of the complexes is [M(IC6H4CH2CHNH2COO)2]2.5H2O (M=Co, Ni) and the crystal structure belongs to orthorhombic system. Infrared spectra indicate the nature of bonding in the complex. The first stage in the thermal decomposition process of the complex shows the presence of crystal water. The thermal decomposition process of cobalt complex differs from that of nickel. The intermediate and final residues in the thermal decomposition process have been analyzed to check the pyrolysis reactions. Thermal analysis indicates that the iodine atom of the ligand may coordinate to the metal ion in the lattice.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Antifreeze protein (AFP) can lower the freezing point by inhibiting the growth of ice crystals. In this article, the thermal hysteresis activity (THA) of a plant AFP was measured with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). As is shown, when the amount of ice in the sample was less than 5% THA of this AFP reached as high as 0.35°C. The secondary structure of this AFP was studied with circular dichroism (CD). The CD spectrum from 195to 240 nm indicated a well-defined secondary structure consisting 11% α-helix, 34%antiparallel β-sheet and 55% random coil.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Fe–B ultrafine amorphous alloy particles (UFAAP) were prepared by chemical reduction of Fe3+ with NaBHO4 and confirmed to be ultrafine amorphous particles by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The specific heat of the sample was measured by a high precision adiabatic calorimeter, and a differential scanning calorimeter was used for thermal stability analysis. A topological structure of Fe-B atoms is proposed to explain two crystallization peaks and a melting peak observed at T=600, 868 and 1645 K, respectively.

Restricted access

Abstract  

A microcalorimeter (Setaram c-80) was used to study the thermokinetics of the hydration process of calcium phosphate cement (CPC), a biocompatible biomaterial used in bone repair. The hydration enthalpy was determined to be 35.8 J g–1 at 37.0°C when up to 80 mg CPC was dissolved in 2 mL of citric buffer. In the present study, parameters related to time constants of the calorimeter were obtained by fitting the recorded thermal curves with the function θ=Ae–?t(1– e–?2t). The real thermogenetic curves were then retrieved with Tian function and the transformation rate of the hydration process of CPC was found to follow the equation α=1–[1–(0.0075t)3]3. The microstructures of the hydrated CPC were examined by scanning electron microscopy. The nano-scale flake microstructures are due to crystallization of calcium phosphate and they could contribute to the good biocompatibility and high bioactivity.

Restricted access
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Odlyha, Q. Wang, G. M. Foster, J. de Groot, M. Horton and L. Bozec

Summary  

Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG) have been used to characterise model tapestries, especially woven for the EC-funded project (MODHT) and to historic tapestries in royal palaces and museums. Modulus values of woollen threads from model tapestries are reported and the effects of traditional dyeing and mordanting processes quantified. TG, particularly of black woollen threads showed alterations in thermal stability. Tests of creep on immersion in water and subsequent heating to 90C and on exposure to a controlled relative humidity programme were also used to rank these effects. Modulus values of historic woollen samples were also obtained and DSC studies of model and historic silk samples are reported together with preliminary atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of silk fibres.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The heat capacities of 2-benzoylpyridine were measured with an automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 80 to 340 K. The melting point, molar enthalpy, Δfus H m, and entropy, Δfus S m, of fusion of this compound were determined to be 316.49±0.04 K, 20.91±0.03 kJ mol–1 and 66.07±0.05 J mol–1 K–1, respectively. The purity of the compound was calculated to be 99.60 mol% by using the fractional melting technique. The thermodynamic functions (H TH 298.15) and (S TS 298.15) were calculated based on the heat capacity measurements in the temperature range of 80–340 K with an interval of 5 K. The thermal properties of the compound were further investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). From the DSC curve, the temperature corresponding to the maximum evaporation rate, the molar enthalpy and entropy of evaporation were determined to be 556.3±0.1 K, 51.3±0.2 kJ mol–1 and 92.2±0.4 J K–1 mol–1, respectively, under the experimental conditions.

Restricted access

Summary  

Exploratory experiments have been carried out to investigate the effects of gamma-radiation on iodine aerosols under various chemical conditions. The results indicate that iodide ions (I-) in aerosol can be readily oxidized to I2 and HIO, and some iodide ions may be converted to organic iodine when organic additives are present in the KI solution from which the aerosol is generated. The results also suggest that the chemical transformation of irradiated iodine aerosol depends on the chemical environment both carrier gas and iodide solution.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Yaozhou Kiln at Lidipo and Shangdian are two independent porcelain kiln groups of Yaozhou kiln series in Shanxi Province. Both of them were consisted of some individual porcelain kilns. The samples of 20 pieces of porcelain sherds produced in Shangdian and 43 pieces of porcelain sherds made in Lidipo sites which produced in Kin Dynasty (1115–1234 A.D.) have been collected. The main chemical compositions in body were determined by X-ray fluorescence (XRF). The contents of trace elements were measured using neutron activation analysis (NAA). Principal component analysis (PCA) and stepwise discriminant analysis were used to study the provenance characteristic of these samples. The results indicated that the main components and trace elements in the specimen can be used to reveal the provenance characteristic.

Restricted access