Authors:M. Zheng, Y. Tian, H. Teng, J. Hu, F. Wang, Y. Zhao and L. Yu
In this paper, the wind energy resource in China’s oilfields is analyzed, the difference between China’s energy consumption structure and that of the world in average is analyzed as well, and the application prospect of wind heating technology in China’s oilfields is discussed as an example to reform China’s energy consumption structure. It shows that it is possible to use wind energy as an appropriate heat resource or supplementary heat source in some oilfields to supply heat energy for oil heating and living, more room to improve the energy resource utilization in various fields in China remain. It is a benefit to both oilfield and society to improve energy saving and environments.
Authors:W. Wang, S. Luan, Y. Chen, L. Cal, Y. Jia, S. Ruan and J. Duan
New complexes of the non-natural amino acid (p-iodo-phenylalanine) with divalent cobalt and nickel ions have been synthesized. The composition of the complexes is [M(IC6H4CH2CHNH2COO)2]2.5H2O (M=Co, Ni) and the crystal structure belongs to orthorhombic system. Infrared spectra indicate the nature of bonding in the
complex. The first stage in the thermal decomposition process of the complex shows the presence of crystal water. The thermal
decomposition process of cobalt complex differs from that of nickel. The intermediate and final residues in the thermal decomposition
process have been analyzed to check the pyrolysis reactions. Thermal analysis indicates that the iodine atom of the ligand
may coordinate to the metal ion in the lattice.
Authors:M. Lu, B. Wang, Zh. Li, Y. Fei, L. Wei and Sh. Gao
Antifreeze protein (AFP) can lower the freezing point by inhibiting the growth of ice crystals. In this article, the thermal
hysteresis activity (THA) of a plant AFP was measured with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). As is shown, when the
amount of ice in the sample was less than 5% THA of this AFP reached as high as 0.35°C. The secondary structure of this AFP
was studied with circular dichroism (CD). The CD spectrum from 195to 240 nm indicated a well-defined secondary structure consisting
11% α-helix, 34%antiparallel β-sheet and 55% random coil.
Authors:L. Wang, Z. Tan, S. Meng, D. Liang, S. Ji and Z. Hei
Fe–B ultrafine amorphous alloy particles (UFAAP) were prepared by chemical reduction of Fe3+ with NaBHO4 and confirmed to be ultrafine amorphous particles by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The specific
heat of the sample was measured by a high precision adiabatic calorimeter, and a differential scanning calorimeter was used
for thermal stability analysis. A topological structure of Fe-B atoms is proposed to explain two crystallization peaks and
a melting peak observed at T=600, 868 and 1645 K, respectively.
Authors:W.Y. Gao, Y.W. Wang, L.M. Dong and Z.W. Yu1
A microcalorimeter (Setaram c-80) was used
to study the thermokinetics of the hydration process of calcium phosphate
cement (CPC), a biocompatible biomaterial used in bone repair. The hydration
enthalpy was determined to be 35.8 J g–1
at 37.0°C when up to 80 mg CPC was dissolved in 2 mL of citric buffer.
In the present study, parameters related to time constants of the calorimeter
were obtained by fitting the recorded thermal curves with the function θ=Ae–?t(1– e–?2t).
The real thermogenetic curves were then retrieved with Tian function and the
transformation rate of the hydration process of CPC was found to follow the
The microstructures of the hydrated CPC were examined by scanning electron
microscopy. The nano-scale flake microstructures are due to crystallization
of calcium phosphate and they could contribute to the good biocompatibility
and high bioactivity.
Authors:M. Odlyha, Q. Wang, G. M. Foster, J. de Groot, M. Horton and L. Bozec
Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG) have been used
to characterise model tapestries, especially woven for the EC-funded project (MODHT) and to historic tapestries in royal palaces
and museums. Modulus values of woollen threads from model tapestries are reported and the effects of traditional dyeing and
mordanting processes quantified. TG, particularly of black woollen threads showed alterations in thermal stability. Tests
of creep on immersion in water and subsequent heating to 90C and on exposure to a controlled relative humidity programme
were also used to rank these effects. Modulus values of historic woollen samples were also obtained and DSC studies of model
and historic silk samples are reported together with preliminary atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of silk fibres.
Authors:M.-H. Wang, Z.-C. Tan, Q. Shi, L.-X. Sun and T. Zhang
heat capacities of 2-benzoylpyridine were measured with an automated adiabatic
calorimeter over the temperature range from 80 to 340 K. The melting point,
molar enthalpy, ΔfusHm,
and entropy, ΔfusSm,
of fusion of this compound were determined to be 316.49±0.04 K, 20.91±0.03
kJ mol–1 and 66.07±0.05 J mol–1
K–1, respectively. The purity of the compound
was calculated to be 99.60 mol% by using the fractional melting technique.
The thermodynamic functions (HT–H298.15) and (ST–S298.15) were calculated based
on the heat capacity measurements in the temperature range of 80–340
K with an interval of 5 K. The thermal properties of the compound were further
investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). From the DSC curve,
the temperature corresponding to the maximum evaporation rate, the molar enthalpy
and entropy of evaporation were determined to be 556.3±0.1 K, 51.3±0.2
kJ mol–1 and 92.2±0.4 J K–1
mol–1, respectively, under the experimental
Authors:Chien C. Lin, C. F. Wang, Y.C. Sun, J. H. Chao and C. L. Tseng
experiments have been carried out to investigate the effects of gamma-radiation
on iodine aerosols under various chemical conditions. The results indicate that
iodide ions (I-) in aerosol can be readily oxidized to I2
and HIO, and some iodide ions may be converted to organic iodine when organic
additives are present in the KI solution from which the aerosol is generated.
The results also suggest that the chemical transformation of irradiated iodine
aerosol depends on the chemical environment both carrier gas and iodide
Authors:Y. Wang, S. Feng, X. Feng, Y. Lei, L. Cheng, Q. Xu, Z. Zhuo and D. Xue
Yaozhou Kiln at Lidipo and Shangdian are two independent porcelain kiln groups of Yaozhou kiln series in Shanxi Province.
Both of them were consisted of some individual porcelain kilns. The samples of 20 pieces of porcelain sherds produced in Shangdian
and 43 pieces of porcelain sherds made in Lidipo sites which produced in Kin Dynasty (1115–1234 A.D.) have been collected.
The main chemical compositions in body were determined by X-ray fluorescence (XRF). The contents of trace elements were measured
using neutron activation analysis (NAA). Principal component analysis (PCA) and stepwise discriminant analysis were used to
study the provenance characteristic of these samples. The results indicated that the main components and trace elements in
the specimen can be used to reveal the provenance characteristic.