Conducting polyaniline/Cobaltosic oxide (PANI/Co3O4) composites were synthesized for the first time, by in situ deposition technique in the presence of hydrochloric acid (HCl)
as a dopant by adding the fine grade powder (an average particle size of approximately 80 nm) of Co3O4 into the polymerization reaction mixture of aniline. The composites obtained were characterized by infrared spectra (IR)
and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The composition and the thermal stability of the composites were investigated by TG-DTG. The
results suggest that the thermal stability of the composites is higher than that of the pure PANI. The improvement in the
thermal stability for the composites is attributed to the interaction between PANI and nano-Co3O4.
Authors:Lanping Ye, Hua Xu, Xiaodong Jin, Qiang Li and Lizhe An
This study is aimed at observing the apoptosis and Bcl-2/Bax gene expression of mammalian cells following heavy-ion and X-ray
irradiations. Exponentially growing human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells cultured in vitro were irradiated with a 12C ion beam of 50 MeV/u (corresponding to a LET value of 44.56 keV/μm) from Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL)
at doses varying from 0 to 3 Gy. The X-ray irradiation (8 MV) was performed in the therapy unit of the General Hospital of
the Lanzhou Military Area. Survival fractions of irradiated cells at various doses were measured by means of MTT assay. Apoptotic
cells after irradiation were analyzed with fluorescence microscope and flow cytometer (FCM). Immuno-histological assay were
applied to detect the expression of Bcl-2/Bax genes in the irradiated cells. The survival fraction of SMMC-7721 cells decreased
gradually (vs. control p<0.05) with increasing the dose of the carbon ion beam more obviously than X-ray irradiation, and the carbon ion irradiation
efficiently induced cell apoptosis and significantly promoted the expression of Bax gene while Bcl-2 gene expression was restrained.
High-LET heavy ion beam would induce cell apoptosis effectively than low-LET X-ray, and the apoptosis rate is correlated with
the transcription of Bcl-2/Bax and the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax in human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells after irradiation to heavy ion
Authors:Ying Xu, Man Xue, Jinjin Li, Liujie Zhang and Yuanchen Cui
A cellulose xanthate supported palladium(0) complex was synthesized using a simple method and characterized by XPS, TG/DTA
etc. The complex has good thermal stability from room temperature to 250 °C and it was found to be an efficient catalyst for
the Heck reaction of acrylic acid or styrene with aryl iodide at low temperature under atmospheric pressure, and the substituted
trans-cinnamic acid or 1, 2-stilbene was obtained with high yield at 90 °C. The reaction duration is about 8 h. The cellulose xanthate
supported palladium(0) complex could be separated from the reaction mixture easily and reused for several cycles. The yield
of the product was up to 55.3% when the catalyst was run for 10 times. The active center in the complex is Pd metal.
Authors:Bing Xue, Yongxin Li, Shujun Wang, Hongyan Liu and Chongfu Xu
Selective synthesis of ethylbenzene by vapor phase alkylation of benzene with diethyl carbonate was carried out over MCM-22
modified by MgO. Characterization results show that the number of Brønsted acid sites on MCM-22 decreased significantly after
MgO modification, which resulted in a decrease in activity. The selectivity for ethylbenzene was improved greatly over MCM-22
modified by MgO, which can be attributed to the effective suppression of subsequent alkylation of ethylbenzene by the reduction
in Brønsted acid sites.
Authors:Bing Xue, Kai Jia, Jie Xu, Na Liu, Ping Liu, Chongfu Xu and Yongxin Li
An efficient and novel method to prepare KNO3/NaY solid base catalysts was developed. High selectivity for phenetole along with high conversion of phenol was obtained in the vapor phase O-alkylation of phenol with diethyl carbonate over KNO3 modified NaY zeolite. Experimental results showed that a large number of basic sites on KNO3/NaY were generated mainly during catalytic evaluation, which was responsible for the outstanding catalytic performance. Furthermore, the excess KNO3 loadings might lead to the blockage of the pores in the NaY zeolite and decrease the catalytic activity.
Authors:X. Li, J. Xu, Y. Jiang, L. Chen, Y. Xu and C. Pan
High-performance liquid chromatography with a hydrophilic-interaction liquid chromatographic (HILIC) column has been successfully used to retain and separate the polar phosphonic herbicides glyphosate and glufosinate. Online electrospray tandem ion-trap mass spectrometric and DAD detection were used. The effects on the separation of mobile phase acetonitrile content, buffer concentration, and flow rate, and of column temperature, were investigated. With UV-visible detection at 195 nm, LOQ were <850 mg kg−1, showing the method is suitable for product quality control of these herbicides alone or in combination. Tandem mass spectrometric conditions were optimized for ion-trap detection. Quantification was by use of selected reaction monitoring transitions m/z 168 → 150 in negative-ion mode for glyphosate and m/z 182 → 136 in positive-ion mode for glufosinate. Limits of detection (LOD; S/N > 3) were 0.20 and 0.16 ng for glyphosate and glufosinate, respectively, and the respective limits of quantification (LOQ; S/N = 10) were 0.02 and 0.05 mg kg−1. Sample derivatization was not necessary to achieve low detection limits in residue analysis in this study. Recovery from watermelon, spinach, potato, tomato, radish-root, and water fortified with the herbicides ranged from 63.6 to 107.3% and relative standard deviations were <15.3%.
Authors:Li Dong-Mei, Zhang Li-Xing, Wang Xu-Hui and Liu Long-Bo
Atmospheric aerosols are generally collected on filters according to the International Monitoring System (IMS) designed in the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). More information could be revealed when the filter sample is pretreated rather than measured directly by g-ray spectrometer. Microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) is a suitable method that gives higher recoveries of elements from glass fibrous filters under different conditions. The results indicate that the MAE is a highly efficient and robust method for the treatment of glass fibrous filter samples. The recoveries of potential fission products from glass fibrous filter samples by microwave-assisted extraction meet the efficiency of the extraction by both aqua regia and 2% HCl.
Authors:Jules Muhire, Bao Qiong Li, Hong Lin Zhai, Xue Wang and Min Li Xu
Diabetes mellitus and concurrent hypertension disorder are dreadful all over the world and are often managed by some drugs, such as metformin hydrochloride (MFH), enalapril maleate (ENM), and captopril (CAP). In this work, a reliable and fast quantitative analysis of these three components in tablets was carried out by Tchebichef image moment method and multivariate curve resolution with alternating least squares on three-dimensional (3D) spectra obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detection (HPLC-PAD). 3D spectra were obtained within only 2 min, and linear quantitative models were established by stepwise regression based on the calculated image moments. Among these two methods, Tchebichef image moment method showed outcome distinction. The correlation coefficients of cross-validation (RLoo-cv) are more than 0.988, while their recoveries are 100.1 ± 1.7% (MFH), 95.4 ± 5.4% (ENM), and 105.3 ± 5.7% (CAP), respectively. The intra- and inter-day precisions (RSD) are less than 5.42%. The proposed methods were also applied to the analysis of real tablets. This study reveals the effectiveness and convenience of the proposed image-moment method that may be a potential technology for the quality control and investigation of drugs in routine analysis.
Two metal-organic frameworks, Ca(2,6-NDC)(DMF) (1) and Mn3(2,6-NDC)3(DMF)4 (2) (where 2,6-NDC = 2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylate and DMF = N,N′-dimethylformamide) have been solvothermally synthesized under optimized conditions and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy, and TG analysis. The thermal decomposition characteristics were investigated under air atmosphere from 300 to 1,170 K (for 1) and from 300 to 971 K (for 2). The molar heat capacities were measured from 198 to 548 K (for 1) and from 198 to 448 K (for 2) by temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry (TMDSC) for the first time. The fundamental thermodynamic parameters such as entropy and enthalpy variations with temperature were calculated based on the experimentally determined molar heat capacities.
Authors:Peng Sun, Cunquan Yuan, Li Dai, Yang Xi, Yunfei Li, Ruiyang Hu, Yuhan Sun, Zhaohe Xu and Yun Li
Emasculation and bagging of flowers, which are widely used in the controlled pollination of monoclinous plants, may induce premature senescence, flower abscission and low fruit set. To determine the mechanism responsible for these phenomena, levels of abscisic acid (ABA), jasmonic acid (JA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), ethylene, soluble sugars, reducing sugars and free amino acids in black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) flowers subjected to different treatments were quantified at different developmental stages. The phytohormones and assimilates were also quantified in untreated flowers to investigate the presence of discernible patterns. The levels of ethylene and ABA in emasculated and bagged (EB) flowers increased prematurely compared with those of untreated flowers, whereas the content of reducing sugars in EB flowers decreased compared with that of untreated flowers. These results indicated that the premature increase in ethylene and ABA synthesis, and the decrease in reducing sugars content, in EB flowers may cause flower abscission and result in low fruit set, which may be relevant for assimilate applications and future research on the regulation of controlled pollinations with exogenous phytohormones.