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  • Author or Editor: P. Horváth x
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The thermal decomposition of [Co(NH3)5CO3]NO3, [Co(NH3)5NO2](NO3)2 and [Co(NH3)5H2O](NO3)3 complexes was studied by simultaneous TG, DTG, DTA (Derivatograph-C), termogastitrimetry, continuous selective water detection, TG-MS, and XRD methods.

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Á. Horváth, P. Sántha, V. Horváth, Nóra Török, I. Nagy, G. Jancsó, Cs. Vágvölgyi and F. Somogyvári

A new, rapid method is described which permits the genotyping of genetically modified animals from a microlitre volume of whole blood samples via one step polymerase chain reaction amplification. The major advantage of the presented method is the exclusion of a DNA preparation step, which significantly reduces the time expenditure and work load of the genetic testing. Pilot studies indicate, that this method is efficient and applicable also on tissue biopsies and larger amount of blood providing a rapid and reliable new technique over conventional genotyping approaches.

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In the second part of our study we have examined the effect of Tobacco mosaic tobamovirus (TMV) infection on the germination, seed trans­mission, seed viability and seed production of S. nigrum. Transmission of TMV by seeds of S. nigrum was 0.3%. Average seed production of the virus infected plants was reduced by 52%, as compared to the healthy control, and TMV infection also delayed generative development. Virus infection did not influence the germination of the seeds. Viability of seeds derived from ripened (blue-black) berries, was significantly reduced by TMV infection.

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Susceptibility of 33 Lycopersicon species and intra-specific taxa to 6 viruses such as U/246 strain of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV), Potato virus X (PVX), NTN strain of Potato virus Y (PVYNTN), Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) were studied. Inoculated plants were tested for susceptibility on the basis of symptoms, serological reactions (DAS-ELISA) and back inoculation. All tested plants were susceptible to PepMV, PVX, TMV and ToMV. However, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. convar. parvibaccatum Lehm. var. cerasiforme (Dun.) Alef.s.l., L. peruvianum (L.) Mill. and L. hirsutum Humb. et Bonpl. were extreme resistant (immune) to PVYNTN. L. esculentum Mill. convar. infiniens Lehm. var. flammatum Lehm., L. esculentum Mill. convar. fruticosum Lehm. var. speciosum Lehm. and L. esculentum Mill. convar. infiniens Lehm. var. validum Bail. showed extreme resistance to CMV-U/246. The other 30 species and intra-specific taxa were susceptible to CMV-U/246. New compatible and incompatible host-virus relations have been reported. The extreme resistant Lycopersicon intra-specific taxa could be used as resistance sources in tomato breeding.

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In addition to the original equipment, a new measuring set has been constructed for observing the atmospheric electric potential gradient (PG) at Nagycenk station. The study describes this new set and reports on PG variations derived from data obtained by the two simultaneous measurements. Both runs of the mean diurnal variations determined on the basis of the two data sets are quite similar, as well as they resemble the appropriate diurnal variation derived from earlier Nagycenk data, or fairly the `Carnegie Curve'. Nevertheless, the measured PG level is somewhat higher in the case of the new equipment (PG 2) than that measured with the original set (PG 1). This is also true in the case of single days diurnal variations, however, the daily runs derived from the individual measurements are hardly different. Whichever of the two data sets is applied, the PG's seasonal (annual) variation shows a distinct maximum in winter, even if this maximum is again higher for PG 2 than that for PG 1. Certain ideas on this behaviour are also suggested by the study

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Nanopages
Authors: E. Horváth, P. L. Neumann, A. L. Tóth, É. Vázsonyi, A. A. Koós, Z. E. Horváth, P. Fürjes, C. Dücső and L. P. Biró

The deposition of nanowires for interconnects in nanoelectronic devices werestudied morphologically by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and by in-situ resistance measurements. The deposition and basic characterization of nanometer size tungsten wires by gas injection (GIS) and focused ion beams (FIB) was carried out in-situ in a LEO 1540 XB workstation. The I(V) measurement showed that the deposited W wires have ohmic characteristic. The variation of the resistance during an ex-situ heating was linear with a low thermal coefficient (4% of the pure metallic W).

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Eszter László, P. Kiss, Gabriella Horváth, P. Szakály, Andrea Tamás and Dóra Reglődi

Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP ) is a multifunctional neuropeptide occurring in the nervous system as well as in the peripheral organs. Beneficial action of PACAP has been shown in different pathological processes. The strong protective effects of the peptide are probably due to its complex modulatory actions in antiapoptotic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant pathways. In the kidney, PACAP is protective in models of diabetic nephropathy, myeloma kidney injury, cisplatin-, gentamycin- and cyclosporin-induced damages. Numerous studies have been published describing the protective effect of this peptide in renal ischemia/reperfusion. The present review focuses on the ischemia/reperfusion-induced kidney injury and gives a brief summary about the results published in this area.

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Nanopages
Authors: P. Neumann, Z. Horváth, P. Nemes-Incze, G. Molnár, G. Vértesy and L. Biró

We studied the electrical transport properties of indium contacted graphene, few layer graphite (FLG) and bulk graphite samples under ambient conditions. Some of the contacted samples showed nonlinear transport characteristics. The initial electrical properties of the samples were changed reversibly by light illumination and irreversibly by argon ion irradiation. Ion irradiation modified the nonlinear I–V characteristics to quasi-linear ones in many cases. The resistance of a graphene sample showed positive temperature coefficient.

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