The Micro-Deval test method is used for testing of aggregate durability. The present paper focuses on two Hungarian andesites obtained from the quarries of Recsk (Mátra Mountains, Hungary) and of Nógrádkövesd (Cserhát Mountains, Hungary). The aim of this study is to find a simple test method based on the original Micro-Deval test method to assess the long-term durability of aggregates. An additional part of the research was to develop suitable mathematical models that can describe the behavior of the andesite aggregates under continuous abrasive impact. The relevant standard (EN 1097-1:2012) recommends 12,000 rotations to determine the Micro-Deval coefficient required for classification of the aggregates. Within the framework of this research, a modified Micro-Deval test was applied: the number of rotations was increased in several steps and the degree of abrasion was measured afterwards. Regression analyses were used to outline mathematical forms which characterize the dependence between the number of rotations and the degree of abrasion. According to the results, the long-term Micro-Deval tests significantly modify the assessed durability and thus provide information on the long-term abrasive impact. The degree of change depends on the studied material: the ratio of the long-term Micro-Deval coefficients of the two studied andesite types is larger than 3. The regression analyses of the measured Micro-Deval coefficients revealed that quadratic curves are suitable to describe these tendencies for both andesite aggregates.
Porosity and water absorption of different binder/aggregate ratios of repair mortar and porous limestone were studied that were used in many Hungarian monuments. Different types of mortars were analyzed by using mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and the water saturation method (WSM). Test results showed that there was a strong correlation between the absorption mechanism and the porosimetric characteristics. Mechanical properties of the tested mortars were observed earlier. Pore size distribution confirms that the total porosity increases with increasing aggregate content. Natural stones mainly have medium and large pore radii (1–100 μm) while repair mortars, even with increased aggregate ratio, have smaller pore radii (0.01–0.1 μm). The comparison of different data allows us to state that pore characteristics such as pore volume, pore geometry, pore size distribution and network connectivity are the key control factors of stone and mortar deterioration.