András Reith (Editor) Ildikó Bujdosó, Tamás Csoknyai, György Deák, Tamás Erdélyi, Adrienn Gelesz, István Kronavetter, Zorán Vukoszávlyev Publisher: TERC Ltd, Budapest, Hungary, 2012 Isbn 978-963-9535-12-1
At the Pollack Mihaly Faculty of Engineering we completed the traditional ‘excatedra’ style of teaching with a workshop/studio sort of practical education. Besides the engineering knowledge of architect education the methodology of teaching the elements of artistic creativity represented the greatest challenge. In this context our students have the opportunity to take part in preparatory courses, summer camps, courses in the workshop of famous masters, and work with our lecturers.
The University of Pécs is a successor of the first Hungarian university established by Luis the Great in 1367. Between 1970 and 1995, the Pollack Mihály College of Engineering was a separate institute; in 1995 it joined as Engineering College to the University of Pécs, finally in 2004 it became the Faculty of Engineering of the University. In the College a Doctoral School was found at 2003.
The location for the Science Building is beautiful and more than suitable: opposite the Heart Institute of the University of Pécs, on the southern slope of the Makár Hill that is still an unbuilt site with grass. Hence the Architects got the playful idea: ‘Rolling Stones’, the vision of stones rolling down from the hills. The three roughly uniform ‘stones’ of the Science Building uses three different type of energy source. The heat of the soil, solar energy and normal central heating is also used. The building is already equipped with modern building service systems. The various methods can be tested in a way that the results can be recorded and the performances can be compared.
One of Europe’s most beautiful pasha mosques decorates the main square of Pécs. The congregation wanted to build a tower, a bell tower, a campanile. This would have resulted in a rather strange architectural formation if the congregation had been called to mass by the peal of a relatively high campanile standing by the mosque. The mosque was built from the stones of St. Bartholomew’s Church, which was founded in 1301. In the course of the archaeological excavations, the walls of the church’s sanctuary were found below the surface — now they are visible as sitting benches at street level. St. Bartholomew’s martyrdom demanded a sculpture and then came the idea of creating a sculpture composition, a bell sculpture, which rises like a tower while the bell ringing and then sinking to the size of a bell sculpture. This telescopic tower has become a tourist highlight of the city.
The Cathedral Museum can be found in front of the vaulted passageway leading towards the Cathedral in Pécs; it was placed into the area of the former moat, digging out its place between the walls of the bishop castle and the contrascarpa, which filled up later, in the baroque age. This considerably huge building almost turned into a hidden, subterranean anti-building, providing the collection the Cathedral Museum with a spacious interior.
Authors:Bálint Baranyai, Bálint Bachmann, and István Kistelegdi
Getting the possibility to participate in an actual design process of a Hungarian national sports center is a unique chance to demonstrate and investigate the potential of the dynamic simulation supported building design research program. The research is based on synchronous energy simulations and architectural planning. Energetic and climatic simulations are made during the whole design process. All possible simulated building climate- and energy parameters of the planned versions are compared to each other. In this way it is possible continuously develop the energy and climate characteristic of the designed building. The goal is to reach an accurate design method to be able to predict and minimize the total energy needs of the building as early as the design stage. In the first phase of this process the simulation models of the plan variations are compared, which helps to locate the possible weaknesses of the proposed building geometry and structures or its setting method to develop he building structures and proposed building services systems. In the second phase the chosen building plan is optimized and quantified by final simulations.
With the rapid economic development, the original layout structure and spatial functions of the city have been affected. The purpose of this paper is to stimulate the potential and vitality of space through social interaction based on the analysis of activity behavior and traffic travel. Through communication in the existing leftover space, a living community with the purpose of spatial emotional connection is established or reconstructed. The social habits of residents have also undergone many adjustments and reorganizations. In this way, the degree of connection between people and space is deepened, to guide the public to actively participate in the adjustment of the characteristics of leftover space and space optimization, broaden the application boundary of space.
Authors:Dapeng Zhao, Balint Bachmann, and Tie Wang
The ‘Beautiful China’ project originated from the Chinese central government for the purpose of correcting the imbalance between urban and rural areas. In response to this national policy, numerous positive village development projects focus on improving the tourism potential of the Hebei province, North China. Because most of these rural areas lack historical heritage and infrastructure to support tourism, a well-directed architecture and landscape design initiative was organized by local governments. This is to create new types of livable, humanized, high standard and attractive villages through good design. A village project in Xinglong is examined, where development was strongly connected with tradition, and methods initiated to develop village tourism. In this way, the direction of the village construction can be shown and further developed and the revival of rural areas can be realized.