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  • Author or Editor: B Rodríguez-Iturbe x
  • Chemistry and Chemical Engineering x
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Abstract  

The electrophoretic mobility of some radionuclides has been measured to understand its attractive or repulsive tendencies towards other charged species in the medium. In this study, the chemical state of trace concentrations of88Y,103Ru,134Cs, and141Ce in the presence of UO 22+ , as a dominant component, in strongly alkaline aqueous solutions (pH>13) was characterized.88Y and141Ce settled almost completely as colloidal species; whereas103Ru,134Cs, and uranium remained as ions. These results closely correlate a procedure for defining both the composition of the water in contact with the fuel and the practical applicability of modified sorbents.

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Abstract  

The state of trace concentrations of95Zr–95Nb and134Cs was studied at an initial pH>13 in an uranyl triperoxidate medium using the electromigration method. OH ions governing the potential are adsorbed on the colloidal Nb(V)-hydroxide which leads to an increase in its negative electric charge; while95Zr did not move during the procedure. However, the electrophoretic mobility of the134Cs could be explained in terms of their agglomerations attributed to the interaction of Cs+ ions with water molecules to give larger aggregations.

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Abstract  

An effective method to minimize the presence of141Ce in the final hexahydrated uranyl nitrate recovery product has been obtained. This condition is considered as one prepurification stage in the recovery process of residual nonfissioned uranium in the production of99Mo of fission.

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