Authors:P. Gómez-Ochoa, F. Miana-Mena, M. Muñoz, M. Gascón, J. Castillo, E. Cativiela and F. Gómez
Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), already described in human beings, are fibroblast-like cells that exhibit a CD34 marker specific for haematopoietic stem cells. In this work we have demonstrated the presence of PSCs in the peripheral blood of pigs, a species frequently used in transplantation studies as an animal model for human diseases. Differentiation into haematopoietic colonies (granulomacrophagic colonies, erythroid colonies and mixed colonies) has been carried out with the peripheral blood of adult and newborn pigs, using solely human commercial media. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) were cultured in semisolid methylcellulose based media enriched with recombinant human cytokines, achieving granulomacrophagic-colony forming unit (GM-CFU) and mixed-colony forming unit (Mix-CFU) growth with erythroblastic lineage proliferation in the presence of erythropoietin (Epo). In all the samples CFU growth was associated with the presence of recombinant human cytokine. No evidence of proliferation in control plates without cytokines was found. From liquid medium culture, a population of macrophages and CD34+ fibroblast like cells were retrieved 21 days after sowing. These findings allow us to think about the direct application of this simple and standardised method in several work fields such as the study of pharmacological effects of many drugs over the haematopoietic line and in the study of new strategies in cellular therapy for some human diseases.