Authors:Shiming Song, Zhaojie Chen, Jie Wei, Yuhao Lei, Cheng Deng, Huihua Tan, and Xuesheng Li
A sensitive and effective method based on a modified QuECHERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) method for the determination of polyoxin B in cucumber and soil using liquid chromatography tandem–mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) was developed and validated. Samples were extracted using 1% formic acid in ultrapure water and purified via reversed-dispersive solid phase extraction (r-dSPE) using C18. Recovery of polyoxin B ranged from 83.0% to 112.1% with relative standard deviation (RSD) (n = 5) of 3.0–5.2%. The limit of quantification (LOQ) and the limit of detection (LOD) were 0.01 and 0.003 mg/kg for cucumber and soil, respectively. The method was subsequently applied for real sample analysis. The dissipation experiments showed that half-lives of polyoxin B in cucumber and soil were 2.5–5.0 days. The terminal residues of polyoxin B at preharvest intervals (PHIs) of 3 days and 5 days in cucumber were less than 0.05 mg/kg. We therefore suggest that the developed method can be extrapolated to other agricultural crops or food for routine analysis. It also can be used to determine the PHIs. Moreover, these results will aid in establishing the maximum residue limit (MRL) for cucumber in China.
Authors:Shiming Song, Huili Huang, Zhaojie Chen, Jie Wei, Cheng Deng, Huihua Tan, and Xuesheng Li
A residue analytical method was developed for the determination of trichlorfon, chlorpyrifos, dimethoate, β cypermethrin, deltamethrin, and chlorothalonilin in six leafy vegetables by gas chromatography–electron capture detector (GC–ECD) and gas chromatography–flame photometric detector (GC–FPD). The method had a good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9924) and precision (RSD ≤ 14.0%). The limits of quantification (LOQ) of six pesticides were all 0.01 mg/kg. Average recoveries of six pesticides ranged from 81% to 119%. The developed method was successfully applied to study the initial deposits, degrade characteristics, and terminal residues for six pesticides applied to six leafy vegetables under the same dose of formulation. The half-life of six pesticides was in the range of 0.8–8.8 days. The highest initial deposits, maximal residues, and terminal residues were found on leaf mustard and sweet potato leaves as the same pesticides were applied in different crops. Therefore, leaf mustard can be selected as representative commodity in the same subgroup to realize the residual extrapolation. This conclusion should be considered as a complement on crop classification of China.