Modeling is essential for the investigation of material-energy transport processes below the surface. During the construction of groundwater flow models hydraulic conditions are usually not considered below the investigated space. The boundary conditions are mostly fixed at the border; i.e. there is no flow across the boundary. However, this condition is not tenable in every case, so its practical applications may lead to false conclusions. The present paper shows how the flow geometry changes with the modification of the lower-boundary condition and fault zone conductivity in a study area near Debrecen, NE Hungary.
The general characterization of the Hungarian Szentes geothermal field is presented based on the review of previous research and is supplemented with the analysis of well hydraulic tests. Forty thermal wells were included in the study area, producing mainly from Upper Pannonian sandstone reservoirs. The intensive and long-term production of thermal water reservoirs without reinjection resulted in significant reservoir pressure decrease from natural conditions. By means of deep-well pressure build-up curves, deep-well capacity curves and surface pressure curves the reservoir condition changes were described in the last half century.
Authors:Imre Czinkota, János Szanyi, Balázs Kovács, András Sebők, Ildikó Hajdok, and Márton Papp
This paper aims at determining the behavior of thermal water brought to surface and how this might impact reinjection wells and the rock during reinjection. The biggest problem is that reinjection wells are predisposed to choking. We searched for a method to examine this process, including a model for physico-chemical changes in the water—rock interaction. Two different samples of powdered rock (designated α and β) were analyzed using thermal water samples from production and reinjection wells. The pH shows significant differences between the samples from wells where free water treatment was carried out, and those from the aerated thermal waters, as well as for the rock sample. Basically, a decrease in sediment volume can be obtained by increasing the pH. The salt effect was more coherent. Its result was an interesting case of W-shaped graphs from the producing well. On the other hand there is virtually no difference between the samples with acid titration.
Authors:Péter Bajcsi, Tamás Bozsó, Róbert Bozsó, Gábor Molnár, Viktor Tábor, Imre Czinkota, Tivadar M. Tóth, Balázs Kovács, Félix Schubert, Gábor Bozsó, and János Szanyi
Our research team has developed a new well completion and rework technology involving lasers. The system is made up of a high-power laser generator and a custom-designed directional laser drilling head. The laser head is attached to a coiled tubing unit to maximize production and to carry out special downhole tasks. In this phase of the development effort, laser technology is particularly well suited to cost-efficiently drill short laterals from existing wells in a single work phase, drilling through the casing and cement as well as the formation. The technology, which is an extended perforation solution, enables a more intensive interaction with the downhole environment and supports cutting edge subsurface engineering scenarios such as barite removal. Laser-induced heat treatment appears to be a suitable alternative to effectively remove the almost immovable deposits and scales from thermal water-well pipes.