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Acta Mathematica Hungarica
Authors: Gary Birkenmeier, Henry Heatherly, Jin Kim and Jae Park
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Abstract  

In recent years, the topic of knowledge production has been widely investigated in the advanced countries. However, the process by which knowledge is produced in the developing countries has not been fully explored or characterized. In Korea, the science and engineering fields strongly reflect systems of knowledge production in the universities and demonstrate the dynamics of systems of innovation for knowledge production. Through using a case study including data for knowledge production, in the field of information and telecommunication, the following general trends were observed. Firstly, there has been a trend towards increasing the capabilities for knowledge production, via domestic and foreign collaboration. Secondly, there has been an increasing trend towards the diversification of knowledge sources such as university-industry, and university-public research institutes. Finally, the establishment of a nation's knowledge base is influenced by governmental research and development policies.

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Abstract

Many researchers have analyzed e-government literature as a whole or a specific area to focus on statistical methodologies, lessons learnt, or problem related to the area. However, no investigation from socio-technical perspective on e-government issues, in developing countries (DCs), has been carried out. Utilizing scientometrics approach, we analyzed and synthesized e-government (EG) literature that deals with the issues/topics in developing countries from the lens of socio-technical theory (STT). 145 articles from 7 core e-government journals published during the last decade were selected and reviewed for analyzing e-government literature related to developing countries. The growth pattern of e-government literature showed that e-government studies pertaining developing countries issues/topics have rapidly increased during the last decade; covering a range of topics/issues studied from socio-technical aspects. We found that e-government literature in developing countries has somewhat adopted a balanced approach and is moving away from a merely theoretical or conceptual bases toward an empirical foundation; however, the literature lacked depth and balance in terms of issues/topics discussed and methodologies applied. In the light of the findings, strengths, limitations, and future directions for e-government research in developing countries are discussed.

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