The paper deals with results of thermal analysis of low-alloyed chromium-molybdenum steel. The methods of analysis were dilatometry,
differential thermal analysis (DTA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The Ac1 and Ac3 temperatures of the steel samples measured by dilatometry and DTA during the heating period were in good agreement. Generated
by cooling a martensitic structure first became apparent at 503 K. Tempering of the as-quenched samples showed the presence
of the second tempering stage in the region between 473 and 573 K. At that stage heat capacity decreased from 0.48 to 0.32
J g-1 K-1, as a result of conversion of transition carbide due to heat consumption. After normalization of the as-quenched samples
the heat capacity values were restored to between 0.42 and 0.47 J g-1 K-1 in the temperature range from 373 to 673 K.
Authors:M. Gojić, J. Črnko, M. Sućeska, and M. Rajić
Heat treatment of pipes was performed under industrial conditions at 580C in a dry protective gas containing a CO2–CO–H2–N2 mixture. A commercial adsorbent (733 kg) used for production ofthe gas removed 52.7 l of water in five h and 22.5 min. During
the annealing of pipesoxidation and decarburization were not observed. The results were confirmed bymetallographic analysis.
The values of enthalpy of water desorption (36.4–40.5 kJ mol–1) obtained by DSC and TG measurements were close to those of water evaporation(44.1 kJ mol–1). This suggests that the bonds between the water molecules andadsorbents were not of chemical but of physical nature.