Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: M. N. Kulkarni x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

A Global Positioning System (GPS) permanent station has been established as a reference point at the Department of Civil Engineering of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB), by the IITB GPS group, and is continuously operating since January 2002. The station is being operated under a research project funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, under the “National GPS Programme for Earthquake Studies”. A brief description of the station set up, the strategy used in determining its precise position, and some sample results are presented in this paper.

Restricted access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
N. Sonar
Vaishali De
V. Pardeshi
Y. Raghvendra
T. Valsala
M. Sonavane
Y. Kulkarni
, and
Raj Kanwar


99Tc is one of the long lived fission product with high fission yield. From radioactive waste management point of view it is very much essential to evaluate the concentration of technetium in the radioactive liquid waste in order to finalise the treatment process to extract/isolate it from the stream which is discharged to the environment. For the estimation of 99Tc in the radioactive liquid waste stream, extraction of the stable complex of technetium-tetraphenyl arsonium chloride (TPAC) into chloroform followed by beta counting was studied. Various parameters like pH, time of equilibration, concentration of TPAC in chloroform, use of other solvent for extraction as well as interference of various other radionuclides present in the waste were also studied. The radioactive liquid waste being handled in plant contains high concentrations of salts in the form of sodium nitrate. Hence effect of salt concentration on the percentage extraction was also evaluated. The extraction behavior does not dependent on change in the pH of the solution. Almost 99.5% extraction was observed in the pH range of 1–13.0. High concentration of salt is affecting the extraction. However, this can be taken care by diluting the radioactive waste. It takes almost 90 min time for maximum extraction. Presence of radionuclides like 137Cs, 90Sr are not interfering the extraction of 99Tc. However, 106Ru is getting slightly extracted along with 99Tc. The error due to 106Ru can be eliminated by taking gamma spectrum and deducting the activity from the total beta activity to get 99Tc activity. Nitrobenzene can be used for extraction of Tc–TPAC complex in place of chloroform.

Restricted access