Authors:V. Damodaran, P. Subbian, and S. Marimuthu
A field experiment was conducted at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University from July 2001 to July 2002 to study the effect of different stubble management practices using biological inoculants on the growth and yield of rice in rice-based cropping systems. inoculation with Trichoderma viride during stubble incorporation followed by the application of 120 kg N ha-1 in 4 splits produced significantly taller plants, higher LAI and dry matter, a larger number of productive tillers, longer panicles with more filled grains and higher grain yield. However, it was on par with the stubble management practice involving Trichoderma viride followed by the application of 90 kg N ha-1 in 4 splits.
Authors:S. Subbulakshmi, P. Subbian, N. Saravanan, and N. Prabakaran
A field experiment was conducted during the
(October–January) seasons of 2005–2006 to study the effect of a maize — sunflower cropping system on the weed flora shift. The results revealed a change in weed species, i.e. the appearance of new species and the elimination of certain weed species due to the cropping system. The density of
was high during the 1
year maize cropping period, but
became dominant when sunflower was grown after maize.
, originally the dominant sedge, was smothered by
due to zero tillage.
was the dominant weed species in maize, while
was the dominant weed species in sunflower. The proportions of
Datura fastuosa, Parthenium hysterophorus, Trianthema portulacastrum, Amaranthus viridis, Amaranthus polygamus, Flaveria austerlagica, Gynandropsis pentaphylla
were higher during the 1
year maize cropping season, while later their density was gradually reduced due to the inclusion of sunflower in the system.
Authors:M. Vijayakumar, P. Subbian, A. C. Lourduraj, and R. Selvaraju
Field experiments were conducted at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India during the North East Monsoon (October-December) seasons of 1997 and 1998 in a split plot design to study the effect of planting pattern and N splits on the yield attributes, yield and quality of rainfed sunflower. The main plot consisted of three plant populations (133,333 plants ha-1, 111,111 plants ha-1 and 88,888 plants ha-1) and the sub-plot treatments of six N split levels. The results revealed that the yield attributes of sunflower were higher at the closest spacing of 30 × 25 cm than at the widest spacing of 30 × 37.5 cm. The seed yield was higher at closer (30 × 25 cm) spacing in 1997 and at wider spacing (30 × 37.5 cm) in 1998. In both years the split application of nitrogen resulted in higher growth, yield attributes, seed yield and quality parameters when compared to full basal application.