Authors:Árpád Bihari, Zoltán Szűcs, Magdolna Mogyorósi, and Tamás Pintér
The low- and intermediate-activity level liquid wastes produced by the Paks Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) contain routinely measureable
gamma-emitting (e.g., 54Mn, 60Co, 110mAg, and 137Cs) as well as many so-called “difficult-to-measure” radionuclides. Despite of their low specific activity compared to the
total, the reliable determination of these radionuclides is an important issue of nuclear waste management. The increasing
amount of waste samples to be qualified yearly by our laboratory put a pressure on revising the existing procedure of 99Tc separation applied. We have managed to halve the initial amount of the sample required to achieve the same level of detection
of technetium. Furthermore, one of the new purifying steps introduced have proved to be able to separate 108mAg (and 110mAg) better than 99% keeping the 99Tc content of the product almost intact. Means of separation of 99Tc from 106Ru and 124+125Sb have also been successfully investigated. As intended, this new procedure has a major impact on the chemical reagent as
well as the electricity requirement of the separation making it more cost-effective.
Authors:Tamás Csurka, Klára Pásztor-Huszár, Adrienn Tóth, Richárd Pintér, and László Ferenc Friedrich
Blood coagulation is a process, which is initiated by certain physico-chemical effects. This process results in a change in the blood from the sol state, that is well suited for further processing, to gel state. 13 blood clotting factors take part in the cascade system of blood coagulation. Trisodium-citrate affects factor IV, the calcium, and prevents the change in blood texture. The effect of different concentrations of trisodium-citrate (0, 0.48, 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 14.4, 19.2, 24 w/w%) on the texture of blood is investigated. Porcine blood was collected in 20 cm3 test tubes in a slaughterhouse directly before trisodium-citrate addition and was stored for one day under refrigerated conditions. The samples without trisodium-citrate coagulated and the samples with high trisodium-citrate (4–5 g) became solid as well because of the protein salting-out. The viscosity of successfully treated samples and the shear stress were measured with a rotational viscometer (Physica MCR 51, Anton-Paar) with concentric cylinders and Couette type method. The flow behavior of all samples could be described by the Herschel-Bulkley model. The yield point, the consistency index and the power of law index, which are determined by the equation of the model, showed that the samples with lower trisodium-citrate content coagulated “better” and the sample with high trisodium-citrate were most similar to Newtonian fluid. The results are trend-likes, but significant differences may be expected in the case of higher sample amount. The yield point of the sample, which contained 14.4 w/w% trisodium-citrate, was by 37.3% less than the sample containing 0.48% trisodium-citrate, and the consistency index of the sample with 3 g trisodium-citrate was by 20.5% higher than that of the sample with 0.48% trisodium-citrate. Thanks to these results a cheaper concentration and drying of porcine blood and blood fractions are available because no surplus water is added to the blood.
Authors:Mihály Molnár, László Palcsu, Zoltán Major, Éva Svingor, Mihály Veres, and Tamás Pintér
Investigation of the effect of nuclear fuel rods to the composition of the dissolved gas in the cooling water of the cooling
ponds of Paks Nuclear Power Plant is presented. Dissolved gases in coolant were measured for surveying the condition of the
nuclear fuel remained in service pool No. 1 of reactor unit No. 2 after its incident in April of 2003. Two different experimental
ways were applied in parallel for ensuring the better reliability of the results.