Authors:K.G. Mladenović, M.Ž. Muruzović, O.D. Stefanović, T.D. Žugić Petrović, and Lj.R. Čomić
The antibacterial activity of potassium metabisulphite, potassium benzoate, potassium propionate, and potassium nitrate were evaluated against 15 species of bacteria using diffusion and microdilution methods. Potassium metabisulphite showed the greatest activity (MIC varied in the range of 0.78 mg ml–1 to 3.12 mg ml–1), then potassium benzoate (6.25 mg ml–1 to 12.5 mg ml–1) followed by potassium propionate and potassium nitrate (6.25 mg ml–1 to 100 mg ml–1). Effects of potassium benzoate, potassium propionate, and potassium nitrate on the sugar fermentation, the effect of potassium benzoate on cell membrane permeability and on amylolytic activity of bacteria were tested. The results indicated inhibition of fermentation, loss of intracellular macromolecules (proteins) from treated cells, and inhibition of amylolytic activity.
Authors:V. Tomović, Lj. Petrović, M. Jokanović, M. Tomović, Ž. Kevrešan, T. Tasić, P. Ikonić, B. Šojić, S. Škaljac, and M. Šošo
Concentration of phosphorous (P), potassium (K), sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and manganese (Mn) was determined in the kidney tissue of sixty-nine pigs belonging to ten different genetic lines of pigs, produced in Vojvodina (northern Serbia). Phosphorous was determined by the standard spectrophotometric method. Metals were determined by the flame atomic absorption spectrometry after mineralization by dry ashing. The order of the minerals in the kidney tissue and their content ranges in mg/100 g was P (246–347, on average 287) > K (142–236, on average 189) > Na (102–187, on average 130) > Mg (17.8–36.6, on average 23.3) > Ca (15.9–27.7, on average 20.2) > Fe (5.32–10.42, on average 7.42) > Zn (2.15–4.10, on average 2.99) > Cu (0.62–2.15, on average 1.29) > Mn (0.16–0.30, on average 0.22). Genetic lines of pigs had no influence on mineral concentrations of kidney (P>0.05). The Vojvodian pig kidney showed slightly lower K, slightly higher P and Mn, and higher Ca contents, compared to the values reported in the literature.