Authors:Judit Csöndes, Ibolya Fábián, Bernadett Szabó, Ákos Máthé and Péter Vajdovich
Inflammatory markers and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test results may help us recognise critically ill dogs with poor disease outcome. Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria, the fast version of the Acute Patient Physiologic and Laboratory Evaluation Score (APPLEfast), complete blood count, albumin and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, baseline and stimulated cortisol levels and Δcortisol value were recorded in 50 client-owned dogs admitted to the Small Animal Hospital of the University of Veterinary Medicine Budapest with various inflammatory or neoplastic conditions. Increasing APPLEfast score was associated with a decreasing chance of survival (P = 0.0420). The Δcortisol value was significantly higher in SIRS dogs than in non-SIRS dogs (mean ± SD ΔcortisolSIRS: 342.5 ± 273.96; mean ± SD Δcortisolnon-SIRS: 175.3 ± 150.35; P = 0.0443). Elevated baseline or stimulated cortisol levels were associated with a higher chance of non-survival (P = 0.0135 and P = 0.0311, respectively). These data indicate that pathologically higher baseline and stimulated cortisol levels represent an exaggerated stress response in critically ill dogs, which is negatively associated with survival.
Authors:Viktória Szilvási, Károly Vörös, Ferenc Manczur, Jenő Reiczigel, István Novák, Ákos Máthé and Dániel Fekete
The objective of this study was to compare the auscultatory findings using traditional and electronic sensor-based stethoscopes. Thirty-three adult healthy Beagles (20 females, 13 males, mean age: 4.8 years, range 1.4–8 years) were auscultated by four investigators with different experiences (INVEST-1, -2, -3 and -4) independently with both stethoscopes. Final cardiological diagnoses were established by echocardiography. Mitral murmurs were heard with both stethoscopes by all investigators and echocardiography revealed mild mitral valve insufficiency in 7 dogs (21%, 4 females, 3 males). The statistical sensitivity (Se) in recognising cardiac murmurs proved to be 82% using the traditional stethoscope and 75% using the electronic one in the mean of the four examiners, whilst statistical specificity (Sp) was 99% by the traditional and 100% by the electronic stethoscope. The means of the auscultatory sensitivity differences between the two stethoscopes were 0.36 on the left and 0.59 on the right hemithorax, demonstrating an advantage for the electronic stethoscope being more obvious above the right hemithorax (P = 0.0340). The electronic stethoscope proved to be superior to the traditional one in excluding cardiac murmurs and especially in auscultation over the right hemithorax. Mitral valve disease was relatively common in this clinically healthy research Beagle population.
Authors:Roland Psáder, Csaba Jakab, Ákos Máthé, Gyula Balka, Kinga Pápa and Ágnes Sterczer
The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression pattern of claudin-1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -7, -8, -10 and -18 in the intact fundic and pyloric gastric mucosa of dogs. Intense, linear, membranous claudin-18 positivity was detected in the surface gastric cells and in the epithelial cells of the gastric glands both in the fundic and pyloric stomach regions. The mucous neck cells in the apical part of the glands, furthermore the parietal cells and chief cells of the basal part of the gland were all positive for claudin-18, in the same way as the enteroendocrine cells. Cells of the basal part of the pyloric glands showed intense, linear, membranous claudin-2 positivity, but cells of the superficial portion of these glands and the surface gastric cells in this region were claudin-2 negative. Fibroblasts, endothelial cells, lymphocytes of the propria layer, smooth muscle cells and vegetative neurons were all negative for claudin-2. All gastric epithelial cells were negative for claudin-1, -3, -4, -5, -6, -7, -8 and -10. The endothelial cells of the propria layer had intense claudin-5 positivity. We assume that claudin-18 forms a paracellular barrier against gastric acid in the healthy canine stomach, in the same way as in mice.
Authors:Judit Csöndes, Gábor Majoros, Zoltán Lajos, Roland Psáder, Péter Vajdovich, Ferenc Manczur and Ákos Máthé
Pulmonary angiostrongylosis was diagnosed by the Baermann method and larval identification from faecal and bronchoalveolar lavage samples in a five-month- old male mongrel dog with dyspnoea and cough. Arterial blood gas analysis indicated arterial hypoxaemia and restrictive pneumopathy. In addition to the palliative treatment, fenbendazole was administered (50 mg/kg/24 h per os) for 14 days. The respiratory signs subsided within a short time clinically, but serial arterial blood gas analysis demonstrated an ongoing ventilation disorder. Repeated haematology, thoracic radiography, bronchoscopy and blood gas analysis were performed to follow the course of the disease. The most severe eosinophilia was detected after the beginning of the anthelmintic therapy, and the arterial pO2 level was permanently low. Arterial blood gas analysis provided the most adequate information about the course of the pneumopathy and it greatly facilitated the patient’s medical management.
Authors:Kinga Pápa, Ákos Máthé, Zsolt Abonyi-Tóth, Ágnes Sterczer, Roland Psáder, Csaba Hetyey, Péter Vajdovich and Károly Vörös
Medical records of 80 dogs diagnosed with acute pancreatitis during a 4-year period were evaluated regarding history, breed predilection, clinical signs and additional examination findings. Cases were selected if compatible clinical symptoms, increased serum activity of amylase or lipase and morphologic evidence of pancreatitis by ultrasonography, laparotomy or necropsy were all present. Like in other studies, neutered dogs had an increased risk of developing acute pancreatitis. Although breed predilection was consistent with earlier reports, some notable differences were also observed. Apart from Dachshunds, Poodles, Cocker Spaniels and Fox Terriers, the sled dogs (Laikas, Alaskan Malamutes) also demonstrated a higher risk for pancreatitis according to our results. Concurrent diseases occurred in 56 dogs (70%), diabetes mellitus (n = 29, 36%) being the most common. Clinical signs of acute pancreatitis were similar to those observed in other studies. The study group represented a dog population with severe acute pancreatitis, having a relatively high mortality rate (40%) compared to data of the literature. Breed, age, gender, neutering and body condition had no significant association with the outcome. Hypothermia (p = 0.0413) and metabolic acidosis (p = 0.0063) correlated significantly with poor prognosis and may serve as valuable markers for severity assessment in canine acute pancreatitis.
Authors:Dezső Csupor, Ákos Micsinay, Imre Máthé, Klára Horváth-Boros, Tivadar Kiss and Judit Hohmann
Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) seeds are increasingly applied for medicinal purposes, especially due to their antimicrobial and immunostimulant features, to treat or prevent common cold. However, the scientific background of these uses has not been established. To date, only in vitro studies support the antimicrobial effect of the seeds, and there are no data on the systemic antibiotic or other clinical effects. Moreover, recent data refer to the adulteration of grapefruit seed products with synthetic antiseptics which may be an explanation for the antimicrobial efficacy of some formulations. The aim of our study was to develop a simple thin-layer chromatography- based method for the quality control of grapefruit seed extracts. Besides the analytical procedure, we report a quick and simple method for the isolation of limonoids from grapefruit seeds. Limonoids are characteristic compounds of the seeds; hence, the detection of these marker compounds may be the basis of grapefruit identification. Further, a thin-layer chromatographic screening for synthetic antiseptics (quaternary ammonium salts) is also part of the quality control procedure.
Authors:Károly Vörös, Viktória Szilvási, Ferenc Manczur, Ákos Máthé, Jenő Reiczigel, Ingo Nolte and Stephan Hungerbühler
Chronic degenerative valve disease (CDVD) is the most common cardiac disease in dogs, usually resulting in mitral valve insufficiency (MVI). The goal of this study was to investigate the occurrence of MVI in clinically healthy Beagle populations. A total of 79 adult healthy Beagles (41 females and 38 males; age: 5.6 ± 2.7 years, range 1.4 to 11.7 years) were examined. The diagnosis of MVI was based on the detection of a systolic murmur heard above the mitral valve, and was confirmed by colour flow Doppler (CFD) echocardiography. Systolic mitral valve murmurs were detected in 20/79 dogs (25.3%), of them 11 males and 9 females with no statistically significant gender difference (P = 0.6059). The strength of the murmur on the semi-quantitative 0/6 scale yielded intensity grade 1/6 in 10 dogs, grade 2/6 in 4 dogs, and grade 3/6 in 6 dogs. Mild to moderate MVI was detected by CFD in all these 20 dogs with systolic murmurs. Of them, 17 dogs had mild and 3 demonstrated moderate MVI, showing 10–30% and 30–50% regurgitant jets compared to the size of the left atrium, respectively. The age of dogs with MVI was 7.1 ± 2.3 years, which was significantly different from that of dogs without MVI (5.1 ± 2.7 years, P = 0.0029). No significant differences in body weight (P = 0.1724) were found between dogs with MVI (13.8 ± 2.8 kg) and those without MVI (12.8 ± 3.0 kg). Mitral valve disease causing MVI is relatively common in Beagle dogs, just like in other small breed dogs reported in the literature.
Authors:, Budapest, Üllői út
78., 1082, Csilla András, Péter Bartek, István Battyáni, János Bezsilla, György Bodoky, Barna Bogner, Attila Bursics, Tibor Csőszi, László Damjanovich, Magdolna Dank, Zsófia Dankovics, Pál Ákos Deák, Kristóf Dede, Attila Doros, Ibolyka Dudás, Tamás Györke, Oszkár Hahn, Erika Hartmann, Erika Hitre, Zsolt Horváth, Marianna Imre, Károly Kalmár Nagy, Zsolt Káposztás, László Kóbori, Péter Kupcsulik, László Landherr, Zoltán Lóderer, László Mangel, Zoltán Máthé, Tamás Mersich, Klára Mezei, Elemér Mohos, Attila Oláh, Péter Pajor, András Palkó, Zsuzsanna Pápai, András Papp, Mihály Patyánik, András Petri, János Révész, Ágnes Ruzsa, Krisztina Schlachter, László Sikorszki, István Sipőcz, Eszter Székely, Attila Szijártó, László Torday, Lajos Barna Tóth, Edit Dósa, László Harsányi, Gábor István, László Landherr, György Lázár, József Lövey, Zsuzsa Schaff, Ákos Szűcs and András Vereczkei