Authors:Ronaldo Nunes, Felipe Semaan, Alan Riga, and Éder Cavalheiro
The thermal properties of verapamil hydrochloride (VRP) and its physical association as binary mixtures with some common excipients
were evaluated. Thermogravimetry (TG) was used to determine the thermal mass loss, as well as to study the kinetics of VRP
thermal decomposition, using the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa model. Based on their frequent use in pharmacy, five different excipients
(microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone and talc) were blended
with VRP. Samples were prepared by mixing the analyte and excipients in a proportion of 1:1 (m/m). DSC curves for pure VRP
presented an endothermic event at 143 ± 2 °C (ΔHmelt = 132 ± 4 J g−1), which corresponds to the melting (literature Tm = 143.7 °C, ΔHmelt = 130.6 J g−1). Comparisons among the observed results for each compound and their binary physical mixtures presented no relevant changes.
This suggests no interaction between the drug and excipient.
Authors:Lucinéia de Carvalho, Milena Segato, Ronaldo Nunes, Csaba Novak, and Éder Cavalheiro
The thermal decomposition behavior of acesulfame-K (ACK), aspartame (ASP), sodium cyclamate (SCL), saccharine (SAC), and sodium
saccharine (SSA) were investigated. After re-crystallization of the commercial samples the compounds were characterized by
using elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and thermoanalytical techniques (TG/DTG, DTA, and DSC). Evidences of hydrate water
loss were observed for SSA and ASP. Melting was detected for SSA and SAC. Each compound decomposed in a characteristics way.
The decomposition of APS and SAC took place completely, while ACK, SCL and SSA resulted in K2SO4, Na2SO4, and Na2SO4, as residues respectively. The Flynn-Wall-Ozawa method for kinetic calculations was applied for the volatilization of saccharine
resulting in Ea = 80 ± 1 kJ mol−1 and log A = 7.36 ± 0.07 min−1.