Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for

  • Author or Editor: Éder Cavalheiro x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

The thermal properties of verapamil hydrochloride (VRP) and its physical association as binary mixtures with some common excipients were evaluated. Thermogravimetry (TG) was used to determine the thermal mass loss, as well as to study the kinetics of VRP thermal decomposition, using the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa model. Based on their frequent use in pharmacy, five different excipients (microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone and talc) were blended with VRP. Samples were prepared by mixing the analyte and excipients in a proportion of 1:1 (m/m). DSC curves for pure VRP presented an endothermic event at 143 ± 2 °C (ΔHmelt = 132 ± 4 J g−1), which corresponds to the melting (literature Tm = 143.7 °C, ΔHmelt = 130.6 J g−1). Comparisons among the observed results for each compound and their binary physical mixtures presented no relevant changes. This suggests no interaction between the drug and excipient.

Restricted access
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Lucinéia de Carvalho, Milena Segato, Ronaldo Nunes, Csaba Novak, and Éder Cavalheiro

Abstract  

The thermal decomposition behavior of acesulfame-K (ACK), aspartame (ASP), sodium cyclamate (SCL), saccharine (SAC), and sodium saccharine (SSA) were investigated. After re-crystallization of the commercial samples the compounds were characterized by using elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and thermoanalytical techniques (TG/DTG, DTA, and DSC). Evidences of hydrate water loss were observed for SSA and ASP. Melting was detected for SSA and SAC. Each compound decomposed in a characteristics way. The decomposition of APS and SAC took place completely, while ACK, SCL and SSA resulted in K2SO4, Na2SO4, and Na2SO4, as residues respectively. The Flynn-Wall-Ozawa method for kinetic calculations was applied for the volatilization of saccharine resulting in E a = 80 ± 1 kJ mol−1 and log A = 7.36 ± 0.07 min−1.

Restricted access