This article demonstrates that the myth of Oedipus mentioned directly in the novel underlies A Common Story by Ivan Goncharov. In the extensive system of references to the myth exposed by us, Petr Aduev is brought into correlation with Oedipus in the fact that he, like Oedipus, involuntarily ruins his relatives. Under the influence of his uncle Alexander, Aduev ends up with the spiritual death, and the novel also contains a symbolic motif of incest. As a result of the husband’s inability to give the salvational love to his wife she becomes – as the novel says – “inanimate”. Elisabeth is also threatened with the actual death, though the illness itself has not commenced as of yet. A Common Story is a mythological novel, in which an ancient myth manifests itself in the reality contemporary to Goncharov.