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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors:
Éva Zöllei
,
Dóra Paprika
,
T Wittmann
,
A Rosztóczy
,
R Róka
,
Z Gingl
, and
L Rudas

We compared the cardiovascular responses in 10 patients with established gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (Group 1) and 10 control subjects (Group 2) during oesophageal saline and 0.1 mol/l hydrochloric acid instillation. Indices of heart rate and blood pressure variability and baroreflex gain (derived from linear spontaneous sequences and cross spectral analysis) were calculated. In Group 1 the standard deviation of RR intervals (SDRR: 46 ms vs. 51 ms, p=0.030) and the root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD: 24 ms vs. 26 ms, p=0.027) were significantly lower during acid infusions, than during saline. We found no significant difference in minimum, maximum and mean RR intervals and systolic blood pressures and in the percentage of RR intervals, which differed from adjacent cycles by more than 50 ms (PNN50). The power spectra of RR intervals in the high frequency band tended to be lower during acid infusion (p=0.055). There was no significant difference in blood pressure spectra, neither in low nor in high frequency band. In Group 2 there was no significant difference between any parameters measured during acid and saline. The baroreflex gain was not changed during the studied conditions in any group.

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors:
Krisztina Buzás
,
Klára Megyeri
,
A. Miczák
,
Andrea Fekete
,
M. Degré
,
Yvette Mándi
, and
I. Rosztóczy

Cytokine production has been implicated in the pathogenic mechanisms of infections caused by the staphylococci, since these bacteria may act as strong cytokine inducers. To gain deeper insight into the Th1 immune response activated by these bacteria, we have analyzed the interferon (IFN), interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-18-inducing activities of different Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), S. epidermidis and S. saprophyticus strains in human monocytes and murine bone marrow macrophages. A large majority of the S. aureus strains elicited the simultaneous production of IL-12 p70 and IFN-a in the human monocytes, while the S. epidermidis and S. saprophyticus strains induced only a low level of production, if any, of these cytokines. Furthermore, a majority of the S. aureus strains induced significantly higher IL-12 p70 and IL-18 titers in the murine bone marrow macrophages than did the S. epidermidis and S. saprophyticus strains. As IL-12, IL-18 and IFN-a stimulate Th1 differentiation synergistically, we suggest that S. aureus strains bias the immune response toward a Th1 phenotype, whereas S. epidermidis and S. saprophyticus strains provide a weaker stimulus for the production of Th1-inducing cytokines, and accordingly possibly elicit a less extensive Th1-associated adaptive immunity.

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