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Abstract  

A metal exchange reaction between*Zn-EDTA and Mn-PAN complexes has been investigated to evaluate the possibility of Mn determination in geological samples radiometrically. Exchange ratios (E) of Mn(II) to Zn(II) were obtained from measuring the activity of65ZnPAN2 extracted into an organic phase. Values of E increased rapidly with increasing pH of the aqueous solution. Suitable conditions for the determination of Mn(II) in soil samples are considered.

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Abstract  

An analytical method for the determination of 239Pu and 240Pu in marine particle samples by sector field high-resolution ICP-MS was developed. The method was applied for large and small particle samples (particle diameter: >70 μm and 1–70 μm, respectively, collected with a large volume in situ filtration and concentration system at different depths in the water column off Rokkaho, Japan, where the spent nuclear fuel reprocessing plant of Japan Nuclear Fuel Ltd. has started test operation since March 2006.

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Kanako Aono, A. Fusada, Y. Fusada, W. Ishii, Y. Kanaya, Mami Komuro, Kanae Matsui, S. Meguro, Ayumi Miyamae, Yurie Miyamae, Aya Murata, Shizuka Narita, Hiroe Nozaka, Wakana Saito, Ayumi Watanabe, Kaori Nishikata, A. Kanazawa, Y. Fujito, R. Okada, K. Lukowiak, and E. Ito

The pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis , can locomote on its back utilizing the surface tension of the water. We have called this form of movement ‘back-swimming’. In order to perform this behavior, the snail must flip itself over on its back so that its foot is visible from above. Little is known about the mechanism of this back-swimming. As a first step for the elucidation of this mechanism, we measured the speed of back-swimming of Lymnaea at the different times of the day. They back-swam significantly faster in the morning than just before dark. These data are consistent with our earlier findings on circadian-timed activity pattern in Lymnaea. Lymnaea appear to secrete a thin membrane-like substance from their foot that may allow them to back-swim. To confirm the existence of this substance and to examine whether this substance is hydrophobic or hydrophilic, we applied a detergent onto the foot during back-swimming. A single drop of 1% Tween 20 drifted Lymnaea away that were still kept at the water surface. These results suggest that Lymnaea secrete a hydrophobic substance from their foot that floats to the water surface allowing Lymnaea to back-swim.

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